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File534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response2015-082017-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

DocumentFinal report - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%2053414.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
For centuries, people have asked questions to hand-held pendulums and interpreted their movements as responses from the divine. These movements occur due to the ideomotor effect, wherein thinking of a motion causes muscle movements that swing the pendulum.
AIM
We investigated whether pendulums can aid decision-making and which personality traits predict this performance.
METHOD
In Study 1, 80 participants completed two tasks. In the verbal task, participants searched for a target in a series then stated whether they saw it. In the pendulum task, participants instead "asked" a pendulum whether the target was present; we told them certain movements meant yes and no. We recorded their accuracy and personality measures.
RESULTS
Only transliminality (sensitivity to subtle stimuli) predicted pendulum performance. Response bias was higher in the verbal task, which we confirmed in Study 2 (N=40). We next tested how these results generalise to other domains. In Study 3, 91 participants completed a similar procedure but instead answered questions about videos. This time, transliminality negatively correlated with pendulum accuracy. Sense of agency also predicted accuracy: those who felt less effort over the pendulum movements performed better. In Study 4, we examined top-down influences on these agency reports. By giving suggestions to 60 participants, we were able to reduce their feelings of agency.
CONCLUSION
People have a different decision strategy when using a pendulum. This finding may help explain why some people can accurately answer questions with pendulums and Ouija boards. Identifying the differences between ideomotor and verbal responses could lead to practical ways to improve decision-making.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Landry, M., Raz, A.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Ideomotor action / Unconscious processing / Agency / Ideomotor effect

Final report - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response

Final report - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response

DocumentSimulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810016300629
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In order to study the feeling of control over decisions, we told 60 participants that a neuroimaging machine could read and influence their thoughts. While inside a mock brain scanner, participants chose arbitrary numbers in two similar tasks. In the Mind-Reading Task, the scanner appeared to guess the participants’ numbers; in the Mind-Influencing Task, it appeared to influence their choice of numbers. We predicted that participants would feel less voluntary control over their decisions when they believed that the scanner was influencing their choices. As predicted, participants felt less control and made slower decisions in the Mind-Influencing Task compared to the Mind-Reading Task. A second study replicated these findings. Participants’ experience of the ostensible influence varied, with some reporting an unknown source directing them towards specific numbers. This simulated thought insertion paradigm can therefore influence feelings of voluntary control and may help model symptoms of mental disorders.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Landry, M., Appourchaux, K., Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Olson, J. A., Landry, M., Appourchaux, K., & Raz, A. (2016). Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic. Consciousness and Cognition, 43, 11-26. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.04.010
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2018
Times cited: 6|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Sense of agency / Thought insertion / Volition / Deception / Magic / Phenomenology

Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic

Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic

DocumentPersonality predictors of pendulum performance: Individuals differences in ideomotor response2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Personality predictors of pendulum performance: Individuals differences in ideomotor response
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiz__WbmMvQAhXIfRoKHVIZCCMQFgghMAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fassc20.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2016%2F02%2FAbstracts_Posters_Friday_Alphabetical.pdf&usg=AFQjCNFVS5VCUI8T5MHvfQustdimRFNahg&sig2=yd9iqG_ElX3FuuBOlffKaA&bvm=bv.139782543,d.ZGg
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Pendulums magnify unconscious movements. If one holds a pendulum and thinks of a particular motion, subtle muscle movements will swing the pendulum in that direction. This phenomenon, known as the ideomotor effect, usually occurs without perceived conscious control over the motion. As such, for centuries people have queried pendulums and interpreted their movements as responses from the divine — or the subconscious. Recent studies with Ouija boards have found that people can sometimes answer questions more accurately with ideomotor rather than verbal responses. The personality traits that predict these differences in accuracy remain unknown; we thus examined several of them and their relation to ideomotor performance.
Eighty participants completed two computer tasks. In the Verbal Task, participants searched for a letter among numbers presented at 33 ms each — too fast for reliable conscious detection. Participants then verbally stated whether they saw the letter, which was present in half of the trials. In the Pendulum Task, participants did a similar procedure but instead asked a hand-held pendulum whether the letter was present; we told them vertical swinging meant “yes” and horizontal swinging meant “no”. The dependent variable was the accuracy of their responses on each trial. We also assessed four personality measures: faith in intuition (preference for intuitive thinking), need for cognition (preference for analytical thinking), transliminality (sensitivity to subtle stimuli), and locus of control (feelings of control over life events). From these measures we used logistic regression to predict task accuracy.
The results showed that different measures predicted accuracy between the tasks. In the Verbal Task, people with more faith in intuition performed better (standardised odds ratio [OR] = 1.09); in the Pendulum Task, those with a higher need for cognition performed worse (OR = 0.93). Also in the Pendulum Task, people more sensitive to subtle stimuli performed better (OR = 1.15). In both tasks, participants who felt more control over their lives had higher performance (Verbal OR = 1.07, Pendulum OR = 1.18). Overall, people were more accurate in the Verbal Task (57%) than in the Pendulum Task (53%), with chance-level performance at 50% (all p values < .001). These results may help explain why some people can accurately answer questions with pendulums and Ouija boards. More broadly, identifying the conditions in which ideomotor responses are more accurate than verbal responses could lead to practical ways to improve decision-making.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Olson, J., & Raz, A. (2016, October). Personality predictors of pendulum performance: Individuals differences in ideomotor response. Oral presentation at the 67th Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis Conference, Boston, MA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Ideomotor action / Agency / Automatism

Personality predictors of pendulum performance: Individuals differences in ideomotor response

Personality predictors of pendulum performance: Individuals differences in ideomotor response

DocumentPersonality predictors of ideomotor response in a detection task2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Personality predictors of ideomotor response in a detection task
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjY0a74msvQAhXsKcAKHfMyBrsQFgggMAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ub.edu%2Fecvp%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fabstracts_book_v2.pdf&usg=AFQjCNFFl8EFEMFIQ0BLt2CTgIEBUZkuhg&sig2=UswWUmcdv47oaEJEx-ZQVQ&bvm=bv.139782543,d.ZGg
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Some people consult Ouija boards or pendulums and interpret their movements as responses from the subconscious. These subtle muscle movements, known as ideomotor responses, can sometimes reflect unconscious knowledge (Gauchou, Rensink, & Fels, 2012). We examined personality predictors of the accuracy of this knowledge in a visual detection task. Eighty participants completed 24 trials of 2 tasks. In the Verbal Task, participants searched an RSVP stream of 24 numbers for a particular letter; the short SOA (33 ms) made detection difficult. In the Pendulum Task, participants did a similar procedure but instead "asked" a hand-held pendulum whether the letter was present; we told them particular motions signified yes and no. Using logistic regression, we predicted detection accuracy across the tasks given several personality measures. The results showed that in the Verbal Task, faith in intuition predicted performance (odds ratio [OR]=1.09); in the Pendulum Task, sensitivity to subtle stimuli (i.e., transliminality; OR=1.15) and need for cognition did (OR=0.93). Detection and bias were both higher in the Verbal Task (57%, c=0.17; Pendulum: 53%, c=-0.03; all p < 0.001). These results suggest that different mechanisms underlie verbal and ideomotor responses, which may help explain why some people can express knowledge through subtle muscle movements.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Olson, J., & Raz, A. (2016). Personality predictors of ideomotor response in a detection task. Abstract book of the 39th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) (p. 46). Barcelona
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Ideomotor action / Agency / Implicit cognition

Personality predictors of ideomotor response in a detection task

Personality predictors of ideomotor response in a detection task

DocumentAsk the pendulum: Personality predictors of ideomotor performance2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Ask the pendulum: Personality predictors of ideomotor performance
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/nc/article/3/1/nix014/4060585/Ask-the-pendulum-personality-predictors-of#
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
For centuries, people have asked questions to hand-held pendulums and interpreted their movements as responses from the divine. These movements occur due to the ideomotor effect, wherein priming or thinking of a motion causes muscle movements that end up swinging the pendulum. By associating particular swinging movements with “yes” and “no” responses, we investigated whether pendulums can aid decision-making and which personality traits correlate with this performance. Participants (N=80) completed a visual detection task in which they searched for a target letter among rapidly presented characters. In the verbal condition, participants stated whether they saw the target in each trial. In the pendulum condition, participants instead mentally “asked” a hand-held pendulum whether the target was present; particular motions signified “yes” and “no”. We measured the accuracy of their responses as well as their sensitivity and bias using signal detection theory. We also assessed four personality measures: locus of control (feelings of control over one’s life), transliminality (sensitivity to subtle stimuli), need for cognition (preference for analytical thinking), and faith in intuition (preference for intuitive thinking). Overall, locus of control predicted verbal performance and transliminality predicted pendulum performance. Accuracy was low in both conditions (verbal: 57%, pendulum: 53%), but bias was higher in the verbal condition (d=1.10). We confirmed this bias difference in a second study (d=0.47 d=0.47, N=40). Our results suggest that people have different decision strategies when using a pendulum compared to conscious guessing. These findings may help explain why some people can answer questions more accurately with pendulums and Ouija boards. More broadly, identifying the differences between ideomotor and verbal responses could lead to practical ways to improve decision-making.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Jeyanesan, E., Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Olson, J., Jeyanesan, E., & Raz, A. (2017). Ask the Pendulum: Personality predictors of ideomotor performance. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 3(1), 1-11. doi: 10.1093/nc/nix014
Times cited: 0|2019-07-10
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Ideomotor action / Agency / Implicit cognition

Ask the pendulum: Personality predictors of ideomotor performance

Ask the pendulum: Personality predictors of ideomotor performance