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File506 - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research2015-092018-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
506 - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Mario Varvoglis, Peter Bancel
Institution(s): Institut Metapsychique International, Paris (France); Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P.
Keywords:
Precognition / Optimization / Feedback / Automated testing system / Parapsychology

DocumentFinal report - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
506 - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Mario Varvoglis, Peter Bancel
Institution(s): Institut Metapsychique International, Paris (France); Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P.
Keywords:
Precognition / Optimization / Feedback / Automated testing system / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant_50614.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This precognition study builds on previous research suggesting that free-response protocols with subject-optimization procedures produce higher psi-scores than protocols with no such procedures. Our study aimed to assess the value of optimisation procedures when coupled with a forced-choice protocol, involving multiple trials per session. A second objective was to assess whether trial-by-trial feedback improves scoring over no-feedback conditions.
A pre-set total of 3000 binary choice trials were collected over a 7-week period, from 82 participants, including 26 experienced meditation practitioners. Each participant contributed 20 or 40 trials, based on pre-set scoring criteria. The task was set in an immersive environment coupled with a display of spheres emerging out of an animated starfield. For each trial, subjects had to guess which spheres contained an image; the program would then randomly determine whether or not it indeed contained the image, and whether or not feedback would be shown. For hits, a face would emerge and grow, staring directly at the participant, while for misses it withdrew into the starfield; for no-feedback trials it faded out with no hit/miss information.
Overall results were nonsignificant. Secondary analyses revealed some encouraging trends.
1. When examined across all 150 20-trial series, results show a significant within-series incline in scoring (p=.04, two-tailed), suggesting participants may have progressively found strategies to improve scoring.
2. While not attaining significance (p=0.1 two-tailed), scoring in feedback trials was superior to no-feedback trials; this may suggest that feedback can be useful for learning
3. The 26 meditators' scores were suggestively high (p=.09, one-tailed), while the 14 most experienced meditators showed a significant effect (p=.012, one-tailed).
While overall results were not significant, the finding of a within session incline effect suggests that multiple-trial immersive protocols may help improve psi scoring over time. At the same time, results also suggest that future optimization research should focus on promising subpopulations, like meditators, rather than unselected volunteers.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Varvoglis, M., & Bancel, P. (2018). Final report - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research [Unpublished document].
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Forced-choice / Optimization / Precognition / Feedback / Meditators

Final report - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research

Final report - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research

DocumentThe Selfield : A precognitive study using an immersive display system2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
506 - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Mario Varvoglis, Peter Bancel
Institution(s): Institut Metapsychique International, Paris (France); Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P.
Keywords:
Precognition / Optimization / Feedback / Automated testing system / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The Selfield : A precognitive study using an immersive display system
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/79/2017_pa_convention_abstracts_of_presented_papers.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In a previous research project, we presented a telepathy study which we hoped would be both psiconducive and efficient in terms of data-collection; it involved coupling a multiple trial forcedchoice protocol with participant optimization procedures involving immersive hardware and software. Overall results were not significant, though they did show significant variability, possibly suggesting a combination of psi hitting and psi missing.
The current exploratory study is broadly inspired by the previous one, but introduces several improvements in the optimization procedures, as well as a shift from a dyadic-subject approach, to a single-subject protocol focused on precognition. This shift was motivated in large part by the rather positive track record of recent precognition research – as witnessed by physiologically based presentiment studies, and by the reverse-causality social psychology studies recent introduced by Daryl Bem. We thus decided to opt for a single-subject precognition protocol, both because it is comparatively easier to implement than telepathy protocols, and because it seems promising in terms of replicability.
A second, more process-oriented objective for this study, was to better grasp the role of feedback in multiple-trial psi tasks. Both theoretical and psychological reasoning would suggest that trial-by-trial feedback should contribute to scoring, either by injecting outcome information into earlier choices (according to a retro-causal model), or by helping subjects to zero in on productive mental strategies as they proceed through an experimental session. On the other hand, as some subjects in our previous study indicated, it may be that trial-by-trial outcome information induces stressful, performance-oriented mindset, offsetting the learning gains that might come with feedback. Thus, as part of our objective of producing a multi-trial psi-conducive protocol, we sought to assess feedback vs. non-feedback scoring under motivationally equivalent conditions.
Finally, this study was also intended to provide us with an empirical effect-size estimate, which in turn would allow us to specify power requirements for future replications. A pre-set total of 3000 binary choice trials were collected from 82 subjects over a 7-week testing period, each subject contributing either 20 or 40 trials, in accordance with pre-set criteria. 26 of these subjects were known to be regular meditation practitioners, invited by one of us (PAB) who is affiliated with a local Buddhist center. All subjects were tested either by MV or PAB at the Institute Métapsychique in Paris, using a specially constructed immersive environment and audio-visuel sequences used for the psi task. The task consisted of selecting and opening spherical image containers that emerged out of a hypnotic animated starfield. Following the subject’s choice, a binary random decision would decide whether the subject would obtain a miss or a hit, and whether the hit-miss feedback would be shown. A hit resulted in the emergence of the portrait of an animal, or an interesting or famous personality staring directly at the subject and growing in size. Misses were
associated with a noisy withdrawal of the sphere back into the starfield and no-feedback produced a simple fadeout of the sphere container.
The results for the 3000 trials were non-significant. The overall hit rate came in at null expectation (50.1%), and although feedback trials did have a higher hit rate than no-feedback trials (51% vs. 48.6%) the t-score for the difference was only 1.29 (one-tailed P-value=0.10). Nevertheless, these results, as well as several exploratory analyses, suggest directions for further
study. First, the difference between feedback and no-feedback hit rates indicates that a 0.05-level replication at 80% power could be achieved with only a modest increase in the number of trials. A positive replication would encourage the idea that feedback may be useful to subjects, provided it does not disrupt the “flow” state and induce a performance mindset.
Second, hit rates tended to increase over the course of a 20-trial series. A regression of trialordered hit rates found higher hit rates for later trials (P-value=0.04, two-tailed). In other words, subjects may have progressively found a mental strategy or a state that produced better scoring, which would accord with subject responses in a post-session questionnaire, where 89% agreed “scores would improve with continued training”.
Finally, the 26 Buddhist meditators had a group hit rate of 52.1% (one-tailed P-value=0.09) and the subgroup judged to be the most experienced had a hit rate of 54.7% (one-tailed P-value=.012). This finding contributes to the growing literature that suggests that experienced meditators are particularly good subjects for psi research. We are thus planning to follow up with our protocol this year, focusing more specifically on an experienced-meditator population. We would like to express our deep gratitude to the Bial Foundation for its support of the Selfield project.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P., Ahmed, D., Boban, J., Bailly, J. -P.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Varvoglis, M., Bancel, P., Ahmed, D., Boban, J., & Bailly, J. -P. (2017). The Selfield : A precognitive study using an immersive display system. In Abstracts of Presented Papers, 60th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (pp. 31-33). Athens, Greece: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Forced-choice / Optimization / Precognition / Feedback / Meditators

The Selfield : A precognitive study using an immersive display system

The Selfield : A precognitive study using an immersive display system

DocumentThe Selfield: Optimizing precognition research2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
506 - The Selfield: optimizing precognition research
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Mario Varvoglis, Peter Bancel
Institution(s): Institut Metapsychique International, Paris (France); Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P.
Keywords:
Precognition / Optimization / Feedback / Automated testing system / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-506.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The Selfield: Optimizing precognition research
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325735540_The_Selfield_Optimizing_Precognition_Research
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We report an exploratory forced-choice precognition study based on a protocol that utilized an immersive audiovisual environment to induce a psi-conducive state in participants. Our objective was to assess whether this optimization setup would help produce significant psi results with an unselected population. We also sought to assess whether trial-by-trial feedback would produce superior scoring to no-feedback trials. For each trial, participants selected an opaque graphical sphere that they felt contained a facial image (as opposed to being empty). After selection, the program randomly determined whether the sphere would be empty or not, and whether feedback should be shown. A preset total of 3000 binary choice trials were collected from 82 participants. Each participant contributed either 1 or 2 20-trial series, based on preset scoring criteria. The total hit rate of successful trials was 50.1%, close to expectation under the null hypothesis of no psi effect. Hit rates for feedback and no-feedback trials were in the predicted direction (51.0% vs. 48.6%). A post-hoc analysis showed that hit rates for feedback trials increased over the 20-trial series, suggesting that participants may have progressively found a mental strategy for improved scoring. Additionally, a subgroup of 26 experienced meditators had a hit rate of 52.1%, a result consistent with previous literature that suggests that meditators are particularly good participants for psi research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel. P. A., Bailly, J. -P., Boban, J., Ahmed, D.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Varvoglis, M., Bancel. P. A., Bailly, J. -P., Boban, J., & Ahmed, D. (2019s). The Selfield: Optimizing precognition research. Journal of Parapsycholoy, 83(1), 13-24. doi: 10.30891/jopar.20
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Precognition / Optimization / Forced-choice / Feedback / Meditators