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File282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators2015-042017-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Duration: 2015-04 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Keywords:
Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentMindfulness and schizotypy: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterises mindfulness meditators2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Duration: 2015-04 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Keywords:
Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Mindfulness and schizotypy: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterises mindfulness meditators
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www1.schizophrenianet.de/guest/AbstractView?ABSID=8444
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE
The objective was to explore the relationship between mindfulness practice within Buddhist tradition and schizotypy dimensions. Some of the Buddhist beliefs and experiences that can arise through meditation practice closely resemble Out of Ordinary Experiences (OOEs) and Psychotic Like Experiences (PLEs) that are considered to be a core feature of high-risk or prodromal state. Despite growing evidence for demonstrated efficacy of mindfulness in various mental and physical disorders, particularly in reducing depression and anxiety, there are limited data examining the efficacy of mindfulness interventions for people with psychosis. Furthermore, there is a concern (based on the single case studies) that mindfulness practice might trigger psychotic symptoms in vulnerable individuals. We hypothesised that individuals practicing mindfulness meditation within Buddhist tradition will hold unusual beliefs pertaining to the dimension of schizotypy, but this will not be accompanied by any increases in paranoid ideations or social anxiety.
METHODS
The study involved 56 healthy men: 28 meditation-naÔve (no experience of mindfulness-related practices) and 28 experienced mindfulness practitioners recruited through Buddhist centers. Meditators had at least 2 years of consistent mindfulness practice defined as a minimum of 45 min per day, at least 6 days a week. All participants completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ, Raine, 1991, Schiz Bull), a self-report scale containing 9 subscales: ideas of reference, excessive social anxiety, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd/eccentric behaviour, no close friends, odd speech, constricted affect, and suspiciousness.
RESULTS
Experienced mindfulness practitioners scored higher on magical thinking (p=0.02), but lower on suspiciousness (p=0.05) and excessive social anxiety (p=0.056) subscales compared to meditation-naÔve individuals. The two groups did not differ significantly on other SPQ subscales or the total SPQ score.
CONCLUSION
Mindfulness practice does not result in an overall schizotypal profile and may help to reduce suspiciousness and excessive social anxiety in people with psychosis.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Antonova, E.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, A., Wright, B., Kumari, V.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Antonova, E., Hamid, A., Wright, B., & Kumari, V. (2015). Mindfulness and schizotypy: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterises mindfulness meditators. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 265(suppl.1), s71.
2-year Impact Factor: 3.617|2017
Indexed document: Yes

DocumentFinal report - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Duration: 2015-04 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Keywords:
Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%2028214.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
There is growing evidence for a positive effect of cultivated (i.e. developed through training) mindfulness on a range of cognitive functions. There are limited data at present examining the association between dispositional (trait) mindfulness, as measured in the general non-meditating population using self-report questionnaires, and cognitive function.
AIMS OF THE STUDY
To examine the effects of cultivated and dispositional (trait) mindfulness on smooth pursuit (SPEM) and anti-saccade (AS) tasks known to engage the fronto-parietal network implicated in attentional and motion detection processes, and the fronto-striatal network implicated in cognitive control, respectively.
METHODS
Sixty healthy men (19-59 years), of whom 30 were experienced mindfulness practitioners and 30 meditation-naÔve, underwent infrared oculographic assessment of SPEM and AS performance. Trait mindfulness was assessed using the self-report Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ).
RESULTS
Meditators, relative to meditation-naÔve individuals, made significantly fewer catch-up and anticipatory saccades during the SPEM task, and had significantly lower intra-individual variability in gain and spatial error during the AS task. No SPEM or AS measure correlated significantly with FFMQ scores in meditation-naÔve individuals.
CONCLUSIONS
Cultivated, but not dispositional, mindfulness is associated with improved attention and sensorimotor control as indexed by SPEM and AS tasks.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition

Final report - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators

Final report - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators

DocumentThe mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Duration: 2015-04 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Keywords:
Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810016302100
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
This study examined the effects of cultivated (i.e. developed through training) and dispositional (trait) mindfulness on smooth pursuit (SPEM) and antisaccade (AS) tasks known to engage the fronto-parietal network implicated in attentional and motion detection processes, and the fronto-striatal network implicated in cognitive control, respectively.
METHODS
Sixty healthy men (19Ė59 years), of whom 30 were experienced mindfulness practitioners and 30 meditation-naÔve, underwent infrared oculographic assessment of SPEM and AS performance. Trait mindfulness was assessed using the self-report Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ).
RESULTS
Meditators, relative to meditation-naÔve individuals, made significantly fewer catch-up and anticipatory saccades during the SPEM task, and had significantly lower intra-individual variability in gain and spatial error during the AS task. No SPEM or AS measure correlated significantly with FFMQ scores in meditation-naÔve individuals.
CONCLUSIONS
Cultivated, but not dispositional, mindfulness is associated with improved attention and sensorimotor control as indexed by SPEM and AS tasks.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E., Wright, B., Hamid, A., Hernandez, E., Schmechtig, A., Ettinger, U.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Kumari, V., Antonova, E., Wright, B., Hamid, A., Hernandez, E., Schmechtig, A., & Ettinger, U. (2017). The mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators. Consciousness and Cognition, 48, 66-75. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.10.008
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2019
Times cited: 2|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Mindfulness / Meditation / Antisaccade / Control / Attention / Intra-individual variability / Dispositional mindfulness

The mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators

The mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators

DocumentSchizotypy and mindfulness: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterizes mindfulness meditators2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
282 - The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-meditators
Duration: 2015-04 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Keywords:
Eye movements / Mindfulness / Attention / Inhibition / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-282.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Schizotypy and mindfulness: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterizes mindfulness meditators
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2215001316300063
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Despite growing evidence for demonstrated efficacy of mindfulness in various disorders, there is a continuous concern about the relationship between mindfulness practice and psychosis. As schizotypy is part of the psychosis spectrum, we examined the relationship between long-term mindfulness practice and schizotypy in two independent studies. Study 1 included 24 experienced mindfulness practitioners (19 males) from the Buddhist tradition (meditators) and 24 meditation-naÔve individuals (all males). Study 2 consisted of 28 meditators and 28 meditation-naÔve individuals (all males). All participants completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (Raine, 1991), a self-report scale containing 9 subscales (ideas of reference, excessive social anxiety, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd/eccentric behavior, no close friends, odd speech, constricted affect, suspiciousness). Participants of study 2 also completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire which assesses observing (Observe), describing (Describe), acting with awareness (Awareness), non-judging of (Non-judgment) and non-reactivity to inner experience (Non-reactivity) facets of trait mindfulness. In both studies, meditators scored significantly lower on suspiciousness and higher on magical thinking compared to meditation-naÔve individuals and showed a trend towards lower scores on excessive social anxiety. Excessive social anxiety correlated negatively with Awareness and Non-judgment; and suspiciousness with Awareness, Non-judgment and Non-reactivity facets across both groups. The two groups did not differ in their total schizotypy score. We conclude that mindfulness practice is not associated with an overall increase in schizotypal traits. Instead, the pattern suggests that mindfulness meditation, particularly with an emphasis on the Awareness, Non-judgment and Non-reactivity aspects, may help to reduce suspiciousness and excessive social anxiety.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Antonova, E.
Secondary author(s):
Amaratunga, K., Wright, B., Ettinger, U. , Kumari, V.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Antonova, E., Amaratunga, K., Wright, B., Ettinger, U., & Kumari, V. (2016). Schizotypy and mindfulness: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterizes mindfulness meditators. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition, 5, 1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.scog.2016.05.001
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Schizotypy / Mindfulness / Suspiciousness / Social anxiety

Schizotypy and mindfulness: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterizes mindfulness meditators

Schizotypy and mindfulness: Magical thinking without suspiciousness characterizes mindfulness meditators