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File184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns2015-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

FileDecoding typical actions to real tools from fMRI response patterns2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Decoding typical actions to real tools from fMRI response patterns
Publication year: 2017
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Rossit, S,
Document type:
Unpublished document
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Rossit, S. (2017, May). Decoding typical actions to real tools from fMRI response patterns. Poster presented at workshop entitled ‘Stop me if you think you’ve heard this one before: novelty, repetition and the brain’, UEA, Norwich, UK
Indexed document: No

Decoding typical actions to real tools from fMRI response patterns

Decoding typical actions to real tools from fMRI response patterns

DocumentCortical representations of typical tool actions2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Cortical representations of typical tool actions
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.bacn.co.uk/index_100_2027020801.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., furniture, body parts, buildings), are tightly linked to specific well-learned action procedures. In fact, tool use is thought to be a special form of action that requires interaction between the ventral and dorsal visual streams. However, given that the majority of studies have looked at viewing, imagining or pantomiming tool actions it remains unclear what exact properties are represented within tool regions during the actual grasping of tools. Here we used univariate and multivariate pattern analysis of fMRI data to investigate how the human brain codes typical actions with real tools. Twenty participants’ grasped 3D familiar tools as well as non-tool control objects (bars) carefully matched for grasping biomechanics. Importantly participants grasped the tools in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical manner (by the business end) and we varied the tool type according to whether they afforded a stirring (e.g., whisk) or cutting (e.g., knife) movement. Univariate analyses showed significantly greater activation for tool compared to non-tool grasping in left lateral occipital-temporal (LOTC) and parahippocampal cortices and posterior middle temporal gyrus. In addition, grasping tools that afforded stirring (wrist rotation) vs. cutting (arm extension) movements resulted in significantly stronger activation in the vicinity of motion area MT despite the absence of visual or physical motion differences between stimuli. Finally, even after biomechanical differences between stimuli were controlled for, typical grasping of tools evoked more activation in left LOTC, fusiform and anterior temporal lope (ATL) regions. These findings indicate that, even without the intent to use, learned semantic associations with tools (i.e., how they are typically manipulated) are automatically evoked in left LOTC and ATL regions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F. W., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Rossit, S.,
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F. W., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Rossit, S. (2017). Cortical representations of typical tool actions. Abstract book of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the British Association for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Tool use

Cortical representations of typical tool actions

Cortical representations of typical tool actions

DocumentFinal report - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Publication year: 2018
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world, are tightly linked to highly predictable action procedures. Neuroimaging has revealed a left-lateralized tool network, but the exact role of specific regions remains unclear. Moreover, studies involving actual hand actions with 3D tools are rare as most research to date used visual stimuli (e.g., tool pictures) or action simulation (e.g., pantomime). Here we carried out functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies and behavioural studies to investigate the neural representations of real hand actions towards 3D tools in the human brain. Using fMRI and multivoxel pattern analysis we show that regions of lateral occipital temporal cortex, intraparietal sulcus and anterior temporal lobe contain representations of how to typically grasp real tools. These findings demonstrate that, both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions contain representations of how to appropriately interact with tools which are automatically evoked in naďve participants even when they are irrelevant to task performance. We also carried out two behavioural experiments with 3D objects. We found that even when biomechanics are controlled for (such as object size), grip aperture is affected by typicality, tool identity and subsequent use. These studies demonstrate that even when structural differences between objects are carefully controlled for, early action kinematics reflect final action goals and anticipated end-states. Taken together our results suggest that actions with tools invoke a tight interplay between perception and action involving ventral and dorsal visual streams as well as semantic processing networks.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Rossit, S., & Smith, F. (2018). Final report - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use

Final report - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns

Final report - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns

DocumentDecoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2699174
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), are tightly linked to highly predictable action procedures. Neuroimaging has revealed a left-lateralized network of dorsal and ventral visual stream regions for tool-use and knowledge, but the exact role of these regions remains unclear. Moreover, studies involving actual hand actions with real tools are rare as most research to date used proxies for tool-use including presenting visual stimuli (e.g., pictures) or action simulation (e.g., pantomime). Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to investigate whether the human brain represents actual object-specific functional grasps with real 3D tools. Specifically, we tested if patterns of brain activity would differ depending on whether the grasp was consistent or inconsistent with how tools are typically grasped for use (e.g., grasp knife by handle rather than by its serrated edge). In a block-design fMRI paradigm, 19 participants grasped the left or right sides of 3D-printed tools (kitchen utensils) and non-tool objects (bar-shaped objects) in open loop with the right-hand. Importantly, and unknown to participants, by varying movement direction (right/left) the tool grasps were performed in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical (by the business end) manner. In addition, for each participant separate functional localizer runs were obtained to define regions of interest. MVPA showed that typical vs. atypical grasping could be decoded significantly higher for tools than non-tools in hand-selective regions of the lateral occipital temporal cortex and intraparietal sulcus. None of the body-selective, tool-selective or object-selective areas discriminated typical vs. atypical grasps with tools higher than non-tools. These results indicate that dorsal and ventral hand-selective regions contain representations of how to appropriately interact with tools and that these are evoked even when they are irrelevant to task performance.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Green, J., Saada, J., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Green, J., Saada, J. & Rossit, S. (2018). Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions. Journal of Vision, 18:180. doi: 10.1167/18.10.180
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Tool use / Grasping / Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA)

DocumentTool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2700245
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), afford specific action procedures closely linked to object identity. Several studies have shown that differences between structural (e.g., spoon handle size, shape and orientation) and learned functional (e.g., stir, poor or feed) properties of tools can translate to distinct motor affordances. Most studies to date however have used pictures instead of real tools and measured reaction times rather than hand movement kinematics. To investigate how tool identity and subsequent use affect grasping kinematics 18 participants performed two grasping tasks with their right-hand: 1) grasp-to-use (GTU), where participants grasped a tool to demonstrate its typical use; and 2) grasp-to-move (GTM) where participants grasped a tool to move it from one location to another. Critically, participants grasped real 3D familiar kitchen tools with the same handle, so that any kinematic effects could not be simply due to the structural differences between tool handles. Moreover, to control for differences between GTU and GTM kinematics we only analysed the first portion of the movement (i.e., grasping the handle), as this was identical between tasks and tools. We found that participants presented larger grip apertures for the GTU than the GTM tasks, which may reflect differences in the kinematics of subsequent actions following the handle grasp. Moreover, for both tasks participants presented larger grip apertures for tools that had larger tool heads (e.g., whisk) compared to tools with smaller tool heads (e.g., knife), even though the tool handle that was grasped was of identical size across tools. These results indicate that tool identity plays a critical role in action planning and execution.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tonin, D.
Secondary author(s):
Pawling, R., Leyden, K., Smith, F., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Tonin, D., Pawling, R., Leyden, K., Smith, F. & Rossit, S. (2018). Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements. Journal of Vision, 18:1265. doi:10.1167/18.10.1265
Keywords: Tool identity / Grasping / Planning / Execution

DocumentThe neural representation of tool-directed action: univariate analysis of regions activated by afforded and typical action2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The neural representation of tool-directed action: univariate analysis of regions activated by afforded and typical action
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Complex tool use is a uniquely human behaviour which is dependent upon the integration of sensorimotor and semantic information within the brain. In line with this proposal, the observation of tools in action frequently activates regions in ventral and dorsal visual processing streams including sites within the motor cortex consistent with the functional affordances of tools, however these same networks are yet to be established during real tool use. The present study replicated real reach to grasp actions towards novel 3-D printed stimuli within a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner. A block-design paradigm was used to investigate how the properties of tools, contrasted to non-tool objects, correspond to processing within sensorimotor networks in the brain during object directed grasping. Participants were asked to perform reach to grasp actions towards the left and right side of familiar utensils, including a knife, spoon, whisk and pizza cutter, and their non-tool counterparts. The functional properties intrinsic to these everyday-encountered tools facilitated an investigation of the action affordance of tools used to cut versus to stir. The manipulation of grasp location enabled an examination of tool use typicality resulting in conventional and unconventional tool use action. A whole brain univariate analysis was employed finding that action affordance activated the right middle temporal visual area (MT) and bilateral supplementary motor area (SMA) furthering understanding of tool affordances. In line with accounts of ventral stream processing, greater activation was found in this pathway for typical tool action. It is also suggested that the anterior temporal lobe (ATL) acts as a semantic hub which represents knowledge of tool action typicality. The main contribution of this research is a novel means of replicating real tool directed action in neuroimaging to elucidate the mechanics of action and perception representation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Weaver, H.
Document type:
Master's thesis
Reference:
Weaver, H. (2017). The neural representation of tool-directed action: univariate analysis of regions activated by afforded and typical action (unpublished MSc. dissertation). University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Tool use / Grasping

DocumentHand-selective areas of both dorsal and ventral visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools 2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Hand-selective areas of both dorsal and ventral visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/#!/4649/presentation/40022
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), are tightly linked to highly predictable action procedures. Neuroimaging has revealed a left-lateralized network of dorsal and ventral visual stream regions for tool-use and tool-knowledge tasks, but the exact role of these regions remains unclear. Moreover, studies involving actual hand actions with real tools are rare as most research to date used proxies for tool-use including presenting visual stimuli (e.g., pictures) or action simulation (e.g., pantomime). Here we investigated with real 3D tools, whether the human brain represents actual object-specific functional grasps, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA). Specifically, we tested if patterns of brain activity would differ depending on whether the grasp was consistent or inconsistent with how tools are typically grasped for use (e.g., grasp knife by handle rather than by its serrated edge). In a block-design fMRI paradigm, 19 participants grasped the left or right sides of 3D-printed tools (kitchen utensils) and non-tool objects (bar-shaped objects) with the right-hand. Importantly, and unknown to participants, by varying movement direction (right/left) the tool grasps were performed in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical (by the business end) manner. In addition, for each participant separate perceptual localizer runs were obtained to functionally define regions of interest (ROI). ROI MVPA showed that typical vs. atypical grasping could be decoded significantly higher for tools than non-tools in hand-selective (but not tool-, body- or object-selective) regions of the left lateral occipital temporal cortex (LOTC) and intraparietal sulcus (IPS). Whole-brain searchlight MVPA also identified representations of typicality for tool grasping in bilateral inferior parietal lobule and inferior temporal gyrus, right middle occipital and inferior frontal gyri and left anterior temporal lobe (ATL). Together these findings indicate that representations of how to appropriately grasp tools are automatically evoked (even when irrelevant to task performance) throughout specific regions within the tool network, left ATL and left hand-selective regions of LOTC and IPS.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Rossit, S. (2018). Hand-selective areas of both dorsal and ventral visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools. Program No. 270.09. 2018 Neuroscience Meeting Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2018. Online. Abstract retrieved from https://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/#!/4649/presentation/40022
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Tool use / Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) / Grasping

DocumentHand-selective areas in the ventral and dorsal visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Hand-selective areas in the ventral and dorsal visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://bacn-programme.weebly.com/symposium-3.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), are tightly linked to highly predictable action procedures. Neuroimaging has revealed a left-lateralized network of dorsal and ventral visual stream regions for tool-use, but the exact role of these regions remains unclear. Moreover, studies involving actual hand actions with real tools are rare as most research to date used proxies for tool-use including 2D visual stimuli (e.g., pictures) or pantomimes. Here we investigated with real 3D tools, whether the human brain represents actual object-specific functional grasps, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA). Specifically, we tested if patterns of brain activity would differ depending on whether the grasp was consistent or inconsistent with how tools are typically grasped for use (e.g., grasp knife by handle rather than by its serrated edge). In a block-design fMRI paradigm, 19 participants grasped the left or right sides of 3D-printed tools (kitchen utensils) and non-tool objects (bar-shaped objects) with the right-hand. Importantly, and unknown to participants, by varying movement direction (right/left) the tool grasps were performed in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical (by the business end) manner. In addition, for each participant separate perceptual localizer runs were obtained to functionally define regions of interest (ROI). ROI MVPA showed that typical vs. atypical grasping could be decoded significantly higher for tools than non-tools in hand-selective (but not tool-, body- or object-selective) regions of the left lateral occipital temporal cortex (LOTC) and intraparietal sulcus (IPS). These findings indicate that representations of how to appropriately grasp tools are automatically evoked (even when irrelevant to task performance) in hand-selective regions of LOTC and IPS.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Knights, E.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Rossit, S., Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Knights, E. (2018). Hand-selective areas in the ventral and dorsal visual streams represent how to appropriately grasp 3D tools. Paper presented at the British Association for Cognitive Neuroscience Annual Meeting. Glasgow, UK. Abstract retrieved from https://bacn-programme.weebly.com/symposium-3.html
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Tool use / Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) / Grasping

DocumentCortical representations of typical tool actions2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.09
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Cortical representations of typical tool actions
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.bacn.co.uk/index_100_2027020801.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., furniture, body parts, buildings), are tightly linked to specific well-learned action procedures. In fact, tool use is thought to be a special form of action that requires interaction between the ventral and dorsal visual streams. However, given that the majority of studies have looked at viewing, imagining or pantomiming tool actions it remains unclear what exact properties are represented within tool regions during the actual grasping of tools. Here we used univariate and multivariate pattern analysis of fMRI data to investigate how the human brain codes typical actions with real tools. Twenty participants’ grasped 3D familiar tools as well as non-tool control objects (bars) carefully matched for grasping biomechanics. Importantly participants grasped the tools in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical manner (by the business end) and we varied the tool type according to whether they afforded a stirring (e.g., whisk) or cutting (e.g., knife) movement. Univariate analyses showed significantly greater activation for tool compared to non-tool grasping in left lateral occipital-temporal (LOTC) and parahippocampal cortices and posterior middle temporal gyrus. In addition, grasping tools that afforded stirring (wrist rotation) vs. cutting (arm extension) movements resulted in significantly stronger activation in the vicinity of motion area MT despite the absence of visual or physical motion differences between stimuli. Finally, even after biomechanical differences between stimuli were controlled for, typical grasping of tools evoked more activation in left LOTC, fusiform and anterior temporal lope (ATL) regions. These findings indicate that, even without the intent to use, learned semantic associations with tools (i.e., how they are typically manipulated) are automatically evoked in left LOTC and ATL regions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F. W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Rossit, S. (2017). Cortical representations of typical tool actions. Poster presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the British Association for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Plymouth, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://www.bacn.co.uk/index_100_2027020801.pdf
Indexed document: No

Cortical representations of typical tool actions

Cortical representations of typical tool actions

DocumentDecoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.10
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.visionsciences.org/programs/VSS_2018_Abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), are tightly linked to highly predictable action procedures. Neuroimaging has revealed a left-lateralized network of dorsal and ventral visual stream regions for tool-use and knowledge, but the exact role of these regions remains unclear. Moreover, studies involving actual hand actions with real tools are rare as most research to date used proxies for tool-use including presenting visual stimuli (e.g., pictures) or action simulation (e.g., pantomime). Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to investigate whether the human brain represents actual object-specific functional grasps with real 3D tools. Specifically, we tested if patterns of brain activity would differ depending on whether the grasp was consistent or inconsistent with how tools are typically grasped for use (e.g., grasp knife by handle rather than by its serrated edge). In a block-design fMRI paradigm, 19 participants grasped the left or right sides of 3D-printed tools (kitchen utensils) and non-tool objects (bar-shaped objects) in open loop with the right-hand. Importantly, and unknown to participants, by varying movement direction (right/left) the tool grasps were performed in either a typical (by the handle) or atypical (by the business end) manner. In addition, for each participant separate functional localizer runs were obtained to define regions of interest. MVPA showed that typical vs. atypical grasping could be decoded significantly higher for tools than non-tools in hand-selective regions of the lateral occipital temporal cortex and intraparietal sulcus. None of the body-selective, tool-selective or object-selective areas discriminated typical vs. atypical grasps with tools higher than non-tools. These results indicate that dorsal and ventral hand-selective regions contain representations of how to appropriately interact with tools and that these are evoked even when they are irrelevant to task performance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Knights, E.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Knights, E., Smith, F.W., Mansfield, C., Tonin, D., Weaver, H., & Rossit, S. (2018). Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions. Abstract book of the 18th Annual Meeting of Vision Sciences Society (p. 57). Florida, USA: Vision Sciences Society.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Tool use / Grasping / Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA)

Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions

Decoding typical (but not atypical) actions with real tools from both dorsal and ventral visual stream regions

DocumentTool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
184 - Decoding neural representations of human tool use from fMRI response patterns
Duration: 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Stephanie Batista Rossit, Fraser Wilson Smith
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Rossit, S.
Secondary author(s):
Smith, F.
Keywords:
fMRI / Multivoxel pattern analysis methods (MVPA) / Grasping / Tool use / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-184.11
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.visionsciences.org/programs/VSS_2018_Abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Tools are manipulable objects that, unlike other objects in the world (e.g., buildings), afford specific action procedures closely linked to object identity. Several studies have shown that differences between structural (e.g., spoon handle size, shape and orientation) and learned functional (e.g., stir, poor or feed) properties of tools can translate to distinct motor affordances. Most studies to date however have used pictures instead of real tools and measured reaction times rather than hand movement kinematics. To investigate how tool identity and subsequent use affect grasping kinematics 18 participants performed two grasping tasks with their right-hand: 1) grasp-to-use (GTU), where participants grasped a tool to demonstrate its typical use; and 2) grasp-to-move (GTM) where participants grasped a tool to move it from one location to another. Critically, participants grasped real 3D familiar kitchen tools with the same handle, so that any kinematic effects could not be simply due to the structural differences between tool handles. Moreover, to control for differences between GTU and GTM kinematics we only analysed the first portion of the movement (i.e., grasping the handle), as this was identical between tasks and tools. We found that participants presented larger grip apertures for the GTU than the GTM tasks, which may reflect differences in the kinematics of subsequent actions following the handle grasp. Moreover, for both tasks participants presented larger grip apertures for tools that had larger tool heads (e.g., whisk) compared to tools with smaller tool heads (e.g., knife), even though the tool handle that was grasped was of identical size across tools. These results indicate that tool identity plays a critical role in action planning and execution.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tonin, D.
Secondary author(s):
Pawling, R., Leyden, K., Smith, F. W., Rossit, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Tonin, D., Pawling, R., Leyden, K., Smith, F. W., & Rossit, S. (2018). Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements. Abstract book of the 18th Annual Meeting of Vision Sciences Society (p. 334). Florida, USA: Vision Sciences Society.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Tool identity / Grasping / Planning / Execution

Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements

Tool identity and subsequent use affects the kinematics of grasping movements