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File180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing2016-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing
Duration: 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Tânia Patrícia Gregório Fernandes, Ana Luísa Nunes Raposo, Maria Isabel Segurado Pavão Martins Catarino Petiz, Rita Isabel Saraiva Jerónimo
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa - FP-ULisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Fernandes, T.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Martins, I. P. , Jerónimo, R.
Keywords:
Word learning / Episodic and semantic memory / Temporal lobe epilepsy / Healthy ageing / Psychophysiology

DocumentA contribuição dos esquemas semânticos para as facetas lexical e episódica de novas palavras em jovens adultos2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing
Duration: 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Tânia Patrícia Gregório Fernandes, Ana Luísa Nunes Raposo, Maria Isabel Segurado Pavão Martins Catarino Petiz, Rita Isabel Saraiva Jerónimo
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa - FP-ULisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Fernandes, T.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Martins, I. P. , Jerónimo, R.
Keywords:
Word learning / Episodic and semantic memory / Temporal lobe epilepsy / Healthy ageing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A contribuição dos esquemas semânticos para as facetas lexical e episódica de novas palavras em jovens adultos
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Learning new words is a life-long skill that we maintain even through adulthood. A new word has two facets that differ both in their time course and their neural underpinnings. The lexical facet concerns the integration of the new word in the mental lexicon and its role in lexical dynamics, namely, competition during recognition. This facet emerges slowly, usually after a consolidation period involving sleep. The episodic facet relates to the temporal-spatial representation of the new word which becomes available immediately after encoding. The development of this facet usually benefits from the presence of semantic schemas, i.e., abstract mental structures to which new information can be anchored. However, the impact of semantic schemas on the development of the lexical facet is not as clear. Recent literature has provided mixed results, even suggesting the presence of schemas could be detrimental for lexicalization. The current project explores the role of semantic schemas on the development of the two facets of new spoken words (e.g., leoparna derived from the baseword leopardo and as such members of the same phonological cohort), by manipulating the visual information presented during encoding. Twenty four young adults heard the new words in a phoneme monitoring task on Day 1 and Day 2 (24h after the first session). Each new word was accompanied by a context of visual information presented in the center of the screen (within participants): in the orthographic context, its orthographic representation (e.g., leoparna); in the semantic context, a word (e.g., chávena; with no phonological or semantic association with the baseword) presented as a synonym for the new word. The two facets were evaluated in three sessions in order to study their time course: Day 1 (immediately after encoding); Day 2 (24h after encoding and before the second encoding phase); Day 8 (1 week after Day 1 and with no encoding period between Day 2 and 8). The lexical facet was indirectly studied through a semantic categorization task on the basewords (from which the new words were constructed), considering that if the new item (e.g., leoparna) had been lexicalized, participants would be slower to recognize the basewords (e.g., leopard), compared to control words (e.g., pérola, without any association with the new words but with the same psycholinguistic properties as the basewords). The lexical facet only emerged on Day 8 and it was only significant for words learned in the orthographic context: young adults were slower to categorize basewords associated to new words learned in the orthographic context compared to control words. To basewords related to new words learned in the semantic context no significant differences were observed in relation to control words, even after 1 week (although numerically there was an advantage for the categorization of control words on Day 8).These results suggest that the lexical facet is stronger for words learned in orthographic context, since they were integrated in the mental lexicon, influencing the recognition of words that were members of the same phonological cohort. The development of the episodic facet was immediate, in agreement with the previous literature: participants were able to recognize the new items and to recall them immediately after the first encoding phase, with this episodic facet becoming stronger throughout the sessions. However, unlike it was expected, the episodic facet of words learned in the orthographic context was stronger than the words learned in the semantic context. These results suggest that the presence of semantic schemas can interfere with the emergence of the lexical facet and, possibly, in the consolidation of the episodic facet of new words. Yet, if on one hand the interference observed for the emergence of the lexical facet can be explained by the complementary learning systems model McClelland et al., 1995), on the other hand, the interference observed on the consolidation of the episodic facet can be explained by a difficulty in the integration of the lexical information of the synonym-word and the new word. This possibility might suggest that semantic information access does not occur automatically but demands cognitive resources, at least when this information is presented in a written format. The current study converges with an arising body of literature that aims to fully comprehend learning new words as episodic and lexical representations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
por
Author:
Ferreira, J.
Document type:
Master's thesis
Reference:
Ferreira, J. (2017). A contribuição dos esquemas semânticos para as facetas lexical e episódica de novas palavras em jovens adultos. Tese de Mestrado em Ciência Cognitiva. Universidade de Lisboa (orientação: Prof Doutora Tânia Fernandes, Faculdade de Psicologia, ULisboa).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Word learning / Complementary Learning Systems (CLS) / Lexical competition / Semantic schemas / Episodic memory / Consolidation

DocumentAre memory and language brothers in arms when learning new words?2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing
Duration: 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Tânia Patrícia Gregório Fernandes, Ana Luísa Nunes Raposo, Maria Isabel Segurado Pavão Martins Catarino Petiz, Rita Isabel Saraiva Jerónimo
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa - FP-ULisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Fernandes, T.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Martins, I. P. , Jerónimo, R.
Keywords:
Word learning / Episodic and semantic memory / Temporal lobe epilepsy / Healthy ageing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Are memory and language brothers in arms when learning new words?
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/pdf/ICPS-2017/Poster%20Session%20V.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We examined whether schemas assist word learning. Spoken new words were presented along orthographic or semantic contexts. Whereas after 1-week lexicalization occurred for new words in orthographic context, memory for new items was readily available regardless of context. It seems that schemas do not assist lexicalization, they rather hinder it.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferreira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Fernandes, T.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Ferreira, J., Raposo, A., & Fernandes, T. (2017, March). Are memory and language brothers in arms when learning new words? Poster presented at the 2017 International Convention of Psychological Science, Vienna, Austria. Abstract retrieved at http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/pdf/ICPS-2017/Poster%20Session%20V.pdf
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Word learning / Semantic schemas / Lexical competition

Are memory and language brothers in arms when learning new words?

Are memory and language brothers in arms when learning new words?

DocumentConsonants and vowels in words: is the preponderance of consonants a distributional bias?2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing
Duration: 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Tânia Patrícia Gregório Fernandes, Ana Luísa Nunes Raposo, Maria Isabel Segurado Pavão Martins Catarino Petiz, Rita Isabel Saraiva Jerónimo
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa - FP-ULisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Fernandes, T.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Martins, I. P. , Jerónimo, R.
Keywords:
Word learning / Episodic and semantic memory / Temporal lobe epilepsy / Healthy ageing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Consonants and vowels in words: is the preponderance of consonants a distributional bias?
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.appe.pt/past/2016/files/ProgramaAPPE-2016-Posters.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Consonants and vowels play different roles in speech processing. Vowels carry prosodic and syntactic information, whereas consonants are preponderant in lexical access. However, this preponderance of consonants could be due to a distributional bias: in most languages, consonants outnumber vowels. Given that European Portuguese has a similar number of consonants and vowels, this is the ideal language to test this possibility. In this study participants performed a word reconstruction task on auditory pseudowords that differed from real-words by one phoneme. They were better at reconstructing real-words (e.g., FÁBRICA) from pseudowords differing by one vowel (e.g., FÁBRUCA) than by one consonant (e.g., FÁBRILA). This shows that consonants have a special status in lexical access, which cannot be explained by distributional biases.
Language: eng
Author:
Ferreira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Fernandes, T.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Ferreira, J., Raposo, A., & Fernandes, T. (2016). Consonants and vowels in words: is the preponderance of consonants a distributional bias? Atas do XI Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental, p. 27.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Lexical access

Consonants and vowels in words: is the preponderance of consonants a distributional bias?

Consonants and vowels in words: is the preponderance of consonants a distributional bias?

DocumentLearning to read facilitates the retrieval of phonological representations in rapid automatized naming: Evidence from unschooled illiterate, ex-illiterate, and schooled literate adults2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
180 - Neural mechanisms of word learning: contributions from amnesic patients and fMRI on healthy ageing
Duration: 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Tânia Patrícia Gregório Fernandes, Ana Luísa Nunes Raposo, Maria Isabel Segurado Pavão Martins Catarino Petiz, Rita Isabel Saraiva Jerónimo
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa - FP-ULisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Fernandes, T.
Secondary author(s):
Raposo, A., Martins, I. P. , Jerónimo, R.
Keywords:
Word learning / Episodic and semantic memory / Temporal lobe epilepsy / Healthy ageing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-180.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Learning to read facilitates the retrieval of phonological representations in rapid automatized naming: Evidence from unschooled illiterate, ex-illiterate, and schooled literate adults
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/desc.12783
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Rapid automatized naming (RAN) of visual items is a powerful predictor of reading skills. However, the direction and locus of the association between RAN and reading is still largely unclear. Here, we investigated whether literacy acquisition directly bolsters RAN efficiency for objects, adopting a strong methodological design, by testing three groups of adults matched in age and socioeconomic variables, who differed only in literacy/schooling: unschooled illiterate and ex-illiterate, and schooled literate adults. To investigate in a fine-grained manner whether and how literacy facilitates lexical retrieval, we orthogonally manipulated the word-form frequency (high vs. low) and phonological neighborhood density (dense vs. spare) of the objects' names. We observed that literacy experience enhances the automaticity with which visual stimuli (e.g., objects) can be retrieved and named: relative to readers (ex-illiterate and literate), illiterate adults performed worse on RAN. Crucially, the group difference was exacerbated and significant only for those items that were of low frequency and from sparse neighborhoods. These results thus suggest that, regardless of schooling and age at which literacy was acquired, learning to read facilitates the access to and retrieval of phonological representations, especially of difficult lexical items.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Araújo, S.
Secondary author(s):
Fernandes, T., Huettig, F.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Araújo, S., Fernandes, T., & Huettig, F. (2018). Learning to read facilitates the retrieval of phonological representations in rapid automatized naming: Evidence from unschooled illiterate, ex-illiterate, and schooled literate adults. Developmental Science, e12783. doi: 10.1111/desc.12783
2-year Impact Factor: 4.096|2018
Times cited: 1|2019-07-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Lexical dynamics / Literacy acquisition / Neighborhood density / Rapid naming / Word-form frequency