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File163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals2015-022019-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

DocumentSecessionist urges in Catalonia: Media indoctrination and social pressure effects2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Secessionist urges in Catalonia: Media indoctrination and social pressure effects
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=73473
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent tensions between Catalonian secessionism and Spanish central state erupted during the deep economic downturn that hit Southern European countries around 2010. The rapidly growing rise of a secessionist movement which demanded an immediate vote for self-determination became a major political conflict when the Regional Government decided to lead the claims to achieve secession using devices provided by Catalonian Statute of Autonomy (Home Rule). Different analyses have been used to understand such challenge: from comparisons about economic and fiscal inequalities among Spanish regions to descriptions of perceived neglect or mistreatment from the central State. Strategic models have been also applied to foresee plausible scenarios for the ongoing conflict. Despite their virtues, these attempts were unable to explain the abruptness of secessionism and they failed to identify the triggers that converted an old but convivial tension into a potentially damaging clash among neighbors. Here I present data pointing towards two psychological factors that have played an important role on the mounting wave of demands of self-determination: Intensive persuasion by local media and continuous social pressure through monopolizing the public space with secessionist symbols. If the present depiction is correct the recent secessionist campaign in Catalonia will be remembered as an example of mass indoctrination and social intimidation within a democratic context.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tobeña, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Tobeña A. (2017). Secessionist urges in Catalonia: Media indoctrination and social pressure effects. Psychology, 8, 77-96. doi: 10.4236/psych.2017.81006
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not computed after 2000
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Secessionism / Mass demonstrations / Social intimidation / Media influence / Indoctrination / Catalonia / Spain

Secessionist urges in Catalonia: Media indoctrination and social pressure effects

Secessionist urges in Catalonia: Media indoctrination and social pressure effects

DocumentLa pasión secesionista2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
La pasión secesionista
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://libros.economiadigital.es/libros/la-pasion-secesionista/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Amplio despliegue de estudios comparados que permiten contestar y completar cuestiones como: ¿Por qué en Cataluña y no en Galicia, Baviera, Bretaña, Flandes o Gales? ¿Por qué en este momento concreto? ¿Por qué tantas personas, y en tan poco tiempo, se han hecho independendistas o exponen serlo? Las respuestas que nos ofrece se centran en demostrar que las aspiraciones independentistas deben inscribirse en la psicología del enamoramiento. Si queremos comprender este gran fenómeno social debemos hacerlo, no sólo desde la política, la cultura o las motivaciones económicas, sino también desde la óptica psicobiológica.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Tobeña, A.
Document type:
Book
Reference:
Tobeña, A. (2017). La pasión secesionista. Barcelona, Spain: ED Libros
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Secessionism / Catalonia / Spain

DocumentEntrenched catalonia: A secessionist venture trapped on an ethno-political draw 2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Entrenched catalonia: A secessionist venture trapped on an ethno-political draw
Publication year: 2018
URL:
http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=83481
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A lengthily prepared secessionist attempt culminated, in Catalonia, on Autumn of 2017. A Declaration of Independence was approved by the Regional Parliament, the 27th October, and followed by a suspension of the Autonomy Rule, dictated by Central Government, after due permission by Spanish Senate in accordance with the Constitution. This resulted in the destitution of the Regional Government and the dissolution of the Autonomous Parliament. The secessionist movement had demonstrated great force not only by mobilizing huge amounts of followers repeatedly but on elections and challenges perceived as victories against the State. A rise of influence, however, showed by unionist forces both at street demonstrations and on the last Regional election (21th. Dec. 2017), has created a situation that appears as an entrenched draw, within a deeply divided society. I discuss here social and economic profiles that distinguish two big segments of Catalan citizenry, in relation to their options in favor of or against secession. Those profiles that can be traced to a recognizable ethno-cultural frontier based on family origins and habitual language may also contribute to enhance current tensions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Tobena, A. (2018). Entrenched catalonia: A secessionist venture trapped on an ethno-political draw. Psychology, 9, 460-471. doi: 10.4236/psych.2018.93028
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Secessionism / Nationalism / Autonomy rule / Catalonia / Ethno-cultures

Entrenched catalonia: A secessionist venture trapped on an ethno-political draw

Entrenched catalonia: A secessionist venture trapped on an ethno-political draw

DocumentFinal report - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Publication year: 2018
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tobeña, A.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No

Final report - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals

Final report - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals

DocumentNeural and behavioral correlates of sacred values and vulnerability to violent extremism2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Neural and behavioral correlates of sacred values and vulnerability to violent extremism
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02462/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Violent extremism is often explicitly motivated by commitment to abstract ideals such as the nation or divine law—so-called “sacred” values that are relatively insensitive to material incentives and define our primary reference groups. Moreover, extreme pro-group behavior seems to intensify after social exclusion. This fMRI study explores underlying neural and behavioral relationships between sacred values, violent extremism, and social exclusion. Ethnographic fieldwork and psychological surveys were carried out among 535 young men from a European Muslim community in neighborhoods in and around Barcelona, Spain. Candidates for an fMRI experiment were selected from those who expressed willingness to engage in or facilitate, violence associated with jihadist causes; 38 of whom agreed to be scanned. In the scanner, participants were assessed for their willingness to fight and die for in-group sacred values before and after an experimental manipulation using Cyberball, a toss ball game known to yield strong feelings of social exclusion. Results indicate that neural activity associated with sacred value processing in a sample vulnerable to recruitment into violent extremism shows marked activity in the left inferior frontal gyrus, a region previously associated with sacred values and rule retrieval. Participants also behaviorally expressed greater willingness to fight and die for sacred versus nonsacred values, consistent with previous studies of combatants and noncombatants. The social exclusion manipulation specifically affected nonsacred values, increasing their similarities with sacred values in terms of heightened left inferior frontal activity and greater expressed willingness to fight and die. These findings suggest that sacralization of values interacts with willingness to engage in extreme behavior in populations vulnerable to radicalization. In addition, social exclusion may be a relevant factor motivating violent extremism and consolidation of sacred values. If so, counteracting social exclusion and sacralization of values should figure into policies to prevent radicalization.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pretus, C.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, N., Sheikh, H., Ginges, J., Tobeña, A., Davis, R., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Pretus, C., Hamid, N., Sheikh, H., Ginges, J., Tobeña, A., Davis, R., Vilarroya, O., & Atran, S. (2018). Neural and behavioral correlates of sacred values and vulnerability to violent extremism. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 2462. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02462
2-year Impact Factor: 2.129|2018
Times cited: 1|2019-07-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Sacred values / Will to fight / Social exclusion / Cyberball / Neuroimaging / fMRI / Radicalization / Violent extremism

Neural and behavioral correlates of sacred values and vulnerability to violent extremism

Neural and behavioral correlates of sacred values and vulnerability to violent extremism

DocumentNeuroimaging ‘will to fight’ for sacred values: an empirical case study with supporters of an Al Qaeda associate2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Neuroimaging ‘will to fight’ for sacred values: an empirical case study with supporters of an Al Qaeda associate
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.181585
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Violent intergroup conflicts are often motivated by commitments to abstract ideals such as god or nation, so-called ‘sacred’ values that are insensitive to material trade-offs. There is scant knowledge of how the brain processes costly sacrifices for such cherished causes. We studied willingness to fight and die for sacred values using fMRI in Barcelona, Spain, among supporters of a radical Islamist group. We measured brain activity in radicalized individuals as they indicated their willingness to fight and die for sacred and non-sacred values, and as they reacted to peers' ratings for the same values. We observed diminished activity in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), inferior frontal gyrus, and parietal cortex while conveying willingness to fight and die for sacred relative to non-sacred values—regions that have previously been implicated in calculating costs and consequences. An overlapping region of the dlPFC was active when viewing conflicting ratings of sacred values from peers, to the extent participants were sensitive to peer influence, suggesting that it is possible to induce flexibility in the way people defend sacred values. Our results cohere with a view that ‘devoted actors’ motivated by an extreme commitment towards sacred values rely on distinctive neurocognitve processes that can be identified.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hamid, N.
Secondary author(s):
Pretus, C., Atran, S., Crockett, M. J., Ginges, J., Sheikh, H., Tobeña, A., Carmona, S., Gómez, A., Davis, R., Vilarroya, O.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Hamid, N., Pretus, C., Atran, S., Crockett, M. J., Ginges, J., Sheikh, H., ... Vilarroya, O. (2019). Neuroimaging ‘will to fight’ for sacred values: an empirical case study with supporters of an Al Qaeda associate. Royal Society Open Science, 6: 181585. doi: 10.1098/rsos.181585
2-year Impact Factor: 2.515|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Sacred values / Will to fight / Neuroimaging / fMRI / Radicalization / Violent extremism

Neuroimaging ‘will to fight’ for sacred values: an empirical case study with supporters of an Al Qaeda associate

Neuroimaging ‘will to fight’ for sacred values: an empirical case study with supporters of an Al Qaeda associate

DocumentVentromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/scan/nsz034/5486105
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Willingness to fight and die (WFD) has been developed as a measure to capture willingness to incur costly sacrifices for the sake of a greater cause in the context of entrenched conflict. WFD measures have been repeatedly used in field studies, including studies on the battlefield, although their neurofunctional correlates remain unexplored. Our aim was to identify the neural underpinnings of WFD, focusing on neural activity and interconnectivity of brain areas previously associated with value-based decision-making, such as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). A sample of Pakistani participants supporting the Kashmiri cause was selected and invited to participate in an functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) paradigm where they were asked to convey their WFD for a series of values related to Islam and current politics. As predicted, higher compared to lower WFD was associated with increased ventromedial prefrontal activity and decreased dorsolateral activity, as well as lower connectivity between the vmPFC and the dlPFC. Our findings suggest that WFD more prominently relies on brain areas typically associated with subjective value (vmPFC) rather than integration of material costs (dlPFC) during decision-making, supporting the notion that decisions on costly sacrifices may not be mediated by cost-benefit computation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pretus, C.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, N., Sheikh, H. , Gómez, Á. , Ginges, J., Tobeña, A. , Davis, R. , Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Pretus, C., Hamid, N., Sheikh, H., Gómez, Á., Ginges, J., Tobeña, A., Davis, R., Vilarroya, O., & Atran, S. (2019). Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, nsz034. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsz034
2-year Impact Factor: 3.662|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Costly sacrifices / Will to fight and die / Sacred values / fMRI / Functional connectivity

Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause

Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause