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BIAL Foundation
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File087 - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development2015-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
087 - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development
Duration: 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Emmanouil Tsakiris, Lara Maister
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Tsakiris, M.
Secondary author(s):
Maister, L.
Keywords:
Interoception / Self / Body-awareness / Heartbeat perception / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
087 - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development
Duration: 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Emmanouil Tsakiris, Lara Maister
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Tsakiris, M.
Secondary author(s):
Maister, L.
Keywords:
Interoception / Self / Body-awareness / Heartbeat perception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%208714.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interoception, the sensitivity to visceral sensations, is thought to be the fundamental basis for subjective feeling states, shaping our experiences of the world around us. Despite much speculation regarding the developmental origins of interoception, research in developmental samples has been restricted to older childhood due to significant methodological limitations. Therefore, the developmental trajectory of interoception, and the role it plays in emerging social, emotional and cognitive skills, remains unknown. Here, we present the first ever study of interoception in pre-verbal infants. We develop a novel behavioural measure of interoceptive sensitivity, and demonstrate that 5-month old infants do indeed have an implicit awareness of visceral sensations that can guide preferences in the environment. We also report the presence of a neural marker of interoceptive processing, the heartbeat evoked potential (HEP), which correlates with our behavioural measure and also shows state fluctuations according to emotional processing demands as it does in adults. This demonstrates that even at this early age, infants’ experiences of emotions appear to be closely influenced by their visceral reactions. Finally, we show that the extent to which infants’ HEPs are differentially amplified by negative emotions is associated with the negative emotional aspect of their temperament. Infants with a more negative temperament may be more influenced by their physiological responses during observation of negative emotions. These results have important implications for the development of social cognition and self-regulation, and consequently may play a determining role in infants’ later attachment, personality traits and cognitive abilities.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Maister, L.
Secondary author(s):
Tsakiris, M.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Interopception / Development / Social cognition / Self-regulation / Temperament

DocumentNeurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
087 - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development
Duration: 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Emmanouil Tsakiris, Lara Maister
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Tsakiris, M.
Secondary author(s):
Maister, L.
Keywords:
Interoception / Self / Body-awareness / Heartbeat perception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5548485/pdf/elife-25318.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interoception, the sensitivity to visceral sensations, plays an important role in homeostasis and guiding motivated behaviour. It is also considered to be fundamental to self-awareness. Despite its importance, the developmental origins of interoceptive sensitivity remain unexplored. We here provide the first evidence for implicit, flexible interoceptive sensitivity in 5-month old infants using a novel behavioural measure, coupled with an established cortical index of interoceptive processing. These findings have important implications for the understanding of the early developmental stages of self-awareness, self-regulation and socio-emotional abilities.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Maister, L.
Secondary author(s):
Tang, T., Tsakiris, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Maister, L., Tang, T., & Tsakiris, M. (2017). Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy. eLife Science, 6: e25318. doi: 10.7554/eLife.25318
2-year Impact Factor: 7.551|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2019
Times cited: 11|2019-07-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Interopception / Development / Social cognition / Self-regulation / Temperament

Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy

Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy

DocumentMentalizing homeostasis: the social origins of interoceptive inference2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
087 - Following my heart: Interoceptive sensitivity in infant cognitive development
Duration: 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Emmanouil Tsakiris, Lara Maister
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Tsakiris, M.
Secondary author(s):
Maister, L.
Keywords:
Interoception / Self / Body-awareness / Heartbeat perception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-087.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Mentalizing homeostasis: the social origins of interoceptive inference
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15294145.2017.1294031
Contents: ABSTRACT:
Is the self already relational in its very bodily foundations? The question of whether our mental life is initially and primarily shaped by embodied dimensions of the individual or by interpersonal relations is debated in many fields, including psychology, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and more recently, cognitive neuroscience. In this interdisciplinary target article, we put forward the radical claim that even some of the most minimal aspects of selfhood, namely the feeling qualities associated with being an embodied subject, are fundamentally shaped by embodied interactions with other people in early infancy and beyond. Such embodied interactions allow the developing organism to mentalize its homeostatic regulation. In other words, embodied interactions contribute directly to the building of mental models of the infant’s physiological states, given the need to maintain such states within a given dynamic range despite internal or external perturbations. Specifically, our position rests on the following three propositions: (1) the progressive integration and organization of sensory and motor signals constitutes the foundations of the minimal self, a process which we have linked to contemporary, computational models of brain function and named “embodied mentalization”; (2) interactions with other people are motivated and constrained by the same principles that govern the “mentalization” of sensorimotor signals in the individual – and hence the mentalization of one’s body can include signals from other bodies in physical proximity and interaction, especially in interaction with particular bodies. (3) Crucially, given the dependency of humans in early infancy, there is a “homeostatically necessary” plethora of such embodied “proximal” interactions, especially as regards interoception. Collectively, such experiences of proximal intercorporeality “sculpt” the mentalization process and hence the constitution of the minimal self, including the progressive sophistication of mental distinctions between “subject-object,” “self-other” and even “pleasure-pain.” Finally, we explore notions of cardiac and more broadly interoceptive awareness as later, cognitive acquisitions that allow us to progressively solidify such distinctions, as well as understand and empathise with other people.
Abstract/Results: Document exists in file
Language: eng
Author:
Fotopoulou, A.
Secondary author(s):
Tsakiris, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Fotopoulou, A., & Tsakiris, M. (2017). Mentalizing homeostasis: the social origins of interoceptive inference. Neuropsychoanalysis, 19(1), 3-28. doi: 10.1080/15294145.2017.1294031
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Self / Affect / Emotion / Awareness / Social cognition / Touch / Interoception / Intersubjectivity / Embodiment / Skin ego / Minimal self

Mentalizing homeostasis: the social origins of interoceptive inference

Mentalizing homeostasis: the social origins of interoceptive inference