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File085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking2015-05

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

DocumentA conceptual model for generating and validating in-session clinical judgments2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A conceptual model for generating and validating in-session clinical judgments
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10503307.2016.1169329
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective: Little attention has been paid to the nuanced and complex decisions made in the clinical session context and how these decisions influence therapy effectiveness. Despite decades of research on the dual-processing systems, it remains unclear when and how intuitive and analytical reasoning influence the direction of the clinical session. Method: This paper puts forth a testable conceptual model, guided by an interdisciplinary integration of the literature, that posits that the clinical session context moderates the use of intuitive versus analytical reasoning. Results: A synthesis of studies examining professional best practices in clinical decision-making, empirical evidence from clinical judgment research, and the application of decision science theories indicate that intuitive and analytical reasoning may have profoundly different impacts on clinical practice and outcomes. Conclusions: The proposed model is discussed with respect to its implications for clinical practice and future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Lewis, C., Braga, J., Scott, K.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Lewis, C., Braga, J., & Scott, K. (2018). A conceptual model for generating and validating in-session clinical judgments. Psychotherapy Research, 28(1), 91-105. doi: 10.1080/10503307.2016.1169329
2-year Impact Factor: 2.788|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 1|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Clinical judgments / Case conceptualization / Psychotherapy / Cognitive processes / Intuitive reasoning / Analytical reasoning / Hypothesis generation / Hypothesis testing

DocumentTherapists feelings of rightness and need for information: The role of backward and forward judgments2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Therapists feelings of rightness and need for information: The role of backward and forward judgments
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwisqOLt5_XNAhWL7xQKHddlBo0QFggbMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.appe.pt%2Fencontro%2Ffiles%2FProgramaAPPE-2016-Completo.pdf&usg=AFQjCNG2vE-1d-koBkIMtPRR13jE8wOzhw&sig2=2TT2bo6wb-eCpOULIp9frg&bvm=bv.127178174,d.d24
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Inferential processes, such as backward (causal) and forward (predictive) inferences, underlie the majority of judgments made by psychotherapists. Such judgments are then used to guide the psychotherapeutic process. In one experiment, psychology students generated a series of inferential judgments about a hypothetical client. Despite the assumed greater uncertainty associated with Forward inferences (FI) , there were no higher feelings of rightness (Thompson et al., 2012) associated with these judgments' outcomes when compared to backward inferences (BI). However, participants were more willing to use their BI than their FI outcomes to prepare their future clinical work. The role of therapists' metacognition is discussed
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, M., Braga, J.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Ferreira, M., & Braga, J. (2016, April). Therapists feelings of rightness and need for information: The role of backward and forward judgments. Paper presented at the 11º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental, Lisboa. Portugal.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Therapist / Judgement / Feeling of rightness

Therapists feelings of rightness and need for information: The role of backward and forward judgments

Therapists feelings of rightness and need for information: The role of backward and forward judgments

DocumentDiscounting trait inferences: Are mental health disorders alternative behavioral explanations?2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Discounting trait inferences: Are mental health disorders alternative behavioral explanations?
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwip44ij5_XNAhXIVRQKHTtyAPUQFgggMAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.appe.pt%2Fencontro%2Ffiles%2FProgramaAPPE-2016-Posters.pdf&usg=AFQjCNET5UiOiXV3UykfdLXKhrCd-h_ecg&sig2=XFyetJxSqZgi6cEeH-Vn6A&bvm=bv.127178174,d.d24
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Behaviors representative of a mental health disorder should be categorized as symptoms and not as dispositional traits (DSM-5). We tested whether disorder diagnoses would thus lead to discount trait inferences as situational explanations for the behaviors (e.g., Gilbert et al., 1988). Psychology students were presented with brief trait-implying behavioural descriptions (of different targets), each one followed by one of three continuations: neutral, situational and disorder-diagnosis. Participants then rated each target on a list of traits (including the implied traits). Compared to the neutral condition, the situational but not the disorder-diagnosis condition led to a decreased in the implied-trait inferences. This suggests that, mental health disorders are not used to discount trait inferences from behavior.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, M., Ferreira, M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Ferreira, M., & Ferreira, M. (2016, April). Discounting trait inferences: Are mental health disorders alternative behavioral explanations? Paper presented at the 11º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental, Lisboa. Portugal.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mental health disorders / Diagnosis

Discounting trait inferences: Are mental health disorders alternative behavioral explanations?

Discounting trait inferences: Are mental health disorders alternative behavioral explanations?

DocumentA social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://esconlisbon2016.files.wordpress.com/2015/11/abstracts_escon2016_a5.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The non-decomposable nature of a psychotherapy session favours intuitive judgments (see Hammond et al., 1987), which may have lingering effects on psychotherapists’ conceptualization of patients’ conditions. Specifically, the feeling of rightness associated to intuitive judgments (e.g., Koriat, 2012, Thompson et al., 2012) is likely to lead to overconfidence and to the use of a confirmatory hypothesis testing strategies. This, may compromise therapists’ evaluation of their clinical (intuitive) judgments. This tendency could be moderated if besides backward inferences (causal explanations) therapists were requested to make forward inferences (predictions) based on the same session information. Forward inferences are associated to more uncertainty than backward inferences (Hogarth, 2010), and are expected to be associated to an open mindset (e.g. Fiedler et al., 2005). Therefore, forward inferences could decrease overconfidence in the clinical judgment and promote non-confirmatory information seeking, thus contributing to therapy effectiveness. Two studies manipulate inference direction to test the aforementioned hypotheses. Study 1 used a between-participants design to manipulate backward or forward inferences about a fictional case in order to induce causal (closed) or predictive (open) mindsets. Dependent measures inclu-de confidence ratings (feelings of rightness) for each judgment and perceived judgments’ utility to prepare the following sessions. As expected, making backward inferences lead to a) higher feelings of rightness; and b) higher perceived utility. Study 2 (data collection is undergoing) was designed to replicate Study 1 and to shed light on the underlying psychological mechanisms. Specifically, psychology students are presented with two cases and requested to estimate the probability of causal factors for the client’s symptoms for one case and the probability of future effects of the client’s symptoms for the other case. After each clinical judgment, confidence (feeling of rightness) is measured. Subsequently, participants rate their willingness to include their judgments in the client’s report (Koriat & Goldsmith, 1996). Finally, participants information se-eking strategies are assessed by asking them to a) rate the likelihood of several diagnosis; and b) select the symptoms they would like to know more about in order to better understand the client’s case. Backward inferences (closed mindset) should lead to higher confidence and a more confirmatory information seeking strategies than forward inferences (open mindset). Feelings of rightness are expected to mediate the relation between causal reasoning (backward vs. forward inferences) and the information seeking strategy. Strategies to prevent overconfidence stemming from clinical intuitions are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, M., Braga, J., Ferreira, M.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Ferreira, M., Braga, J., & Ferreira, M. (2016, August). A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking. Abstract book of the ESCON Transfer of Knowledge Conference 2016 (pp. 33-34). Lisboa.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Clinical judgments / Psychotherapy

A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking

A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking

DocumentFeeling clínico em julgamentos de causalidade: O papel da confiança metacognitiva na procura de informação2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Feeling clínico em julgamentos de causalidade: O papel da confiança metacognitiva na procura de informação
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://appsicologia.org/Files_9Snip/livro_de_resumos.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Numa sessão clínica, a dificuldade em decompor a informação favorece o uso da intuição por parte do terapeuta, podendo levar a sobreconfiança (e.g., Koriat, 2012, ompson et al., 2012) e procura confirmatória de informação, comprometendo a eficácia da terapia. Esta tendência pode ser contrariada pelo tipo de julgamento causal. Inferências prospectivas (previsões de efeitos), associadas a maior incerteza do que inferências retrospectivas (explicações causais) (Hogarth, 2010), devem diminuir a confiança e promover uma estratégia infirmatória de procura de informação. Para testar estas hipóteses, manipulamos a direcção causal da inferência. No estudo 1 (inter-participantes), após a apresentação de um caso, os participantes fazem julgamentos sobre possíveis causas ou possíveis efeitos dos sintomas; seguidamente, avaliam a confiança nos seus julgamentos. O estudo 2, replica o estudo 1 e avança na compreensão dos processos subjacentes à procura de informação. Num design intra-participantes, depois da apresentação do caso e das medidas de confiança, é pedido aos participantes a probabilidade de vários diagnósticos; e os sintomas sobre os quais querem mais informação. Tal como esperado, inferências prospectivas levam a maior confiança e a estratégias mais,confirmatórias da informação. Formas de reduzir a confiança nos julgamentos clínicos são discutidas.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
por
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, M., Braga, J., Ferreira, M.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Ferreira, M., Braga, J., Ferreira, M. (2016). Feeling clínico em julgamentos de causalidade: O papel da confiança metacognitiva na procura de informação. In Reis, A., Nunes, C., Lopes, D., Gonçalves, G., Giger, J-C., Faísca, L., & Garrido, M. V. (Orgs.), Livro de Resumos do IX Simpósio Nacional de Investigação em Psicologia (p. 73). Lisboa: Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Therapist / Judgement / Feeling of rightness

Feeling clínico em julgamentos de causalidade: O papel da confiança metacognitiva na procura de informação

Feeling clínico em julgamentos de causalidade: O papel da confiança metacognitiva na procura de informação

DocumentDiagnostic inference: No cure for correspondence bias2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Diagnostic inference: No cure for correspondence bias
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.uib.no/sites/w3.uib.no/files/attachments/program_cdm-workshop.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mental health practitioners should categorize behaviors representative of a mental health disorder as situational symptoms and not as dispositional traits (DSM-5). However, people tend to show a correspondence bias, to draw dispositional inferences from behavior, while neglecting alternative contextual explanations (Gilbert & Malone, 1995). But are able to discount (insufficiently) the role of the implied trait in the production of the behavior when a condition present in the situation could clearly induce the behavior by itself (Gilbert 2002). This correction process has been shown only with situational conditions that by themselves
would never bring to mind the inferred trait. However, psychotherapy contexts may posit the case where a situational condition such as a disorder diagnosis may not only afford a competing causal account of the behavior (situational symptom), but may also activate the implied trait. This case has never been contemplated.
Three studies were conducted to explore this question. We presented trait-implicative paragraphs that also matched a disorder diagnosis (e.g., lazy – depression), and manipulated the behavior account (neutral, physical impairment, disorder diagnosis). Main
dependent measures were participants’ trait ratings of the implicated traits (complemented by ratings of behavioral perceived stability, control and attribution). Studies 1 and 2 show that the disorder diagnosis lead to almost no trait discount. The first two studies may be accounting by the lack of knowledge from our participants about the nature of mental disorders. Study 3 replicates this finding with clinical psychologists suggesting that expertise does not decrease the correspondence inference. Together these studies suggest that, contrary to the spirit of the DSM-5, mental health disorders are not perceived as alternative behavior explanations. When a situational explanation may also activate the trait, people neglect its explanatory role for the behavior and make correspondence inferences. Further research should explore the causal links underlying this confound.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Jacinto, S. (2017). Diagnostic inference: No cure for correspondence bias. Abstract book of the 11th European Workshop on Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making - Intuitive feelings in diagnostic reasoning and decision making (p. 23). Bergen, Norway.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Therapist / Intuitive judgement / Psychotherapy

Diagnostic inference: No cure for correspondence bias

Diagnostic inference: No cure for correspondence bias

DocumentA social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking strategy2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking strategy
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.uib.no/sites/w3.uib.no/files/attachments/program_cdm-workshop.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The non-decomposable nature of a psychotherapy session favours intuitive judgments (see Hammond et al., 1987), which may have lingering effects on psychotherapists’ conceptualization of patients’ conditions. Specifically, the feeling of rightness associated to intuitive judgments (e.g., Koriat, 2012, Thompson et al., 2012) is likely to lead to overconfidence and to the use of a confirmatory hypothesis testing strategies. This, may compromise therapists’ evaluation of their clinical (intuitive) judgments.
This tendency could be moderated if besides backward inferences (causal explanations) therapists were requested to make forward inferences (predictions) based on the same session information. Forward inferences are associated to more uncertainty than backward inferences (Hogarth, 2010), and are expected to be associated to an open mindset (e.g. Fiedler et al., 2005). Therefore, forward inferences could decrease overconfidence in the clinical judgment and promote non-confirmatory information seeking, thus contributing to therapy effectiveness.
The present study manipulates, within participants, inference direction: backward vs. forward. Psychology students were presented with two fictional cases and were asked to make clinical judgments, consisting on estimating the probability of causal factors for client’s symptoms for one case; and the probability of several future effects of the client’s symptoms for the other. After each clinical judgment, participants rated their feelings of rightness, and the overall confidence after all judgments. Finally, information seeking strategies were measured through the ratings of likelihood of several diagnosis; the selection of additional
symptoms, from a list, to better understand the case; and the time spent reading additional information.
As expected, results suggest that backward inferences lead to higher confidence and more confirmatory information seeking strategies than forward inferences. Interestingly, backward inferences lead to more diagnostic information seeking strategy. Further research on the mediator role of confidence and therapists’ metacognition on information seeking strategies are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Braga, J.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Braga, J. (2017). A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking strategy. Abstract book of the 11th European Workshop on Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making - Intuitive feelings in diagnostic reasoning and decision making (p. 20). Bergen, Norway.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Therapist / Intuitive judgement / Psychotherapy

A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking strategy

A social cognitive approach to clinical gut: The impact of backward and forward inferences on psychotherapist’s metacognitive confidence and information seeking strategy

DocumentThe role of a non-decomposable task in the integration of a diagnosis scheme and the effects in confirmation bias2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.09
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The role of a non-decomposable task in the integration of a diagnosis scheme and the effects in confirmation bias
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.uib.no/sites/w3.uib.no/files/attachments/program_cdm-workshop.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In a psychotherapy session, it is very difficult to decompose the flux of information in its parts. Such non-decomposable task, favors holistic and intuitive judgment processes (Hammond et al, 1987), which constrains the interpretation of subsequent information along the lines of the firstly activated schemes (Eyal et al., 2011). Thus, we hypothesize that nondecomposable
tasks favor primacy effects and often lead to confirmatory biases. In contrast, a task decomposed and analysed in its parts is expected to elicit a more deliberative reasoning, counteracting primacy effects and leading more often to disconfirmatory strategies of hypothesis testing.
To test these hypotheses, in two studies, we presented participants with an audio excerpt of a fictional client describing her depression symptoms, manipulated the decomposability of the excerpt. In the non-decomposable condition, participants were presented a case (without interruptions) and asked a final global clinical judgment (risk to develop psychopathology based in all behaviors). In the decomposable condition, participants heard the case in 6 smaller parts, completing, after each excerpt, an interim judgment about the likelihood of developing psychopathology based in that specific behavior. After the 6 excerpts,
participants made the same final global clinical judgment. Following this, participants rated the likelihood of three possible diagnoses. We manipulated within-participants the order of the presentation of depression symptoms in the beginning (depression scheme activated) vs. end (no activation of depression scheme) of the case.
Results show that when a scheme is activated (depression symptoms presented in the beginning), understanding the case in a non-decomposable way leads to higher ratings only to depression, than participants in the decomposable condition, which gave higher ratings to two diagnosis. This suggests that making a non-decomposable task lead to a more confirmatory bias. Implications to therapy session will be discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferreira, M.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Ferreira, M. (2017). The role of a non-decomposable task in the integration of a diagnosis scheme and the effects in confirmation bias. Abstract book of the 11th European Workshop on Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making - Intuitive feelings in diagnostic reasoning and decision making (p. 28). Bergen, Norway.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Clinical judgment / Psychotherapy

The role of a non-decomposable task in the integration of a diagnosis scheme and the effects in confirmation bias

The role of a non-decomposable task in the integration of a diagnosis scheme and the effects in confirmation bias

DocumentNo cure for correspondence bias: Diagnosis is not used to discount the trait inference2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.10
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
No cure for correspondence bias: Diagnosis is not used to discount the trait inference
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.appe.pt/encontro/files/APPE17_ProgramaComunicacoes.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
People tend to draw dispositional inferences from behavior, neglecting situational explanations (correspondence bias; Gilbert & Malone, 1995). However, they discount the implied trait when there is an alternative explanation (Gilbert 2002). Behaviors symptomatic of mental disorders should be categorized as situational, not as dispositional traits (DSM-5). Our goal is to test whether disorder diagnosis lead to discounting trait inferences as situational explanations for behaviors. In six studies, we manipulated behavior account (neutral, physical impairment, disorder diagnosis) of paragraphs simultaneously implicative of traits and diagnosis (e.g., lazy-depression). We measured implicated traits rating. Together, these studies suggest that disorder diagnosis lead to insufficient discount, implying that they are not perceived as alternative behavior explanations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferreira, M.
Secondary author(s):
Jacinto, S., Braga, J., Krendl, A., Collins, E.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Ferreira, M., Jacinto, S., Braga, J., Krendl, A., & Collins, E. (2017). No cure for correspondence bias: Diagnosis is not used to discount the trait inference. Abstract book of the 12º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental (p. 5). Porto, Portugal: APPE.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Judgement / Dispositional inferences

No cure for correspondence bias: Diagnosis is not used to discount the trait inference

No cure for correspondence bias: Diagnosis is not used to discount the trait inference

DocumentThe impact of task decomposability and scheme activation in hypothesis testing strategy2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.11
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The impact of task decomposability and scheme activation in hypothesis testing strategy
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.appe.pt/encontro/files/APPE17_ProgramaComunicacoes.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A non-decomposable task, such as a clinical session, favors holistic and intuitive judgment processes (Hammond et al, 1987), constraining the interpretation of subsequent information according to the activated scheme (Eyal et al., 2011). Thus, we hypothesize that non-decomposable tasks favor primacy effects and lead to confirmatory biases, when comparing to decomposed tasks. In two studies, we manipulated the decomposability (uninterrupted vs. interrupted) of an audio excerpt of a client describing depression symptoms. We measure hypotheses testing strategy through participants’ ratings of the likelihood of three possible diagnoses. Results show that when a scheme is activated, understanding the case in a non-decomposable way leads to more confirmatory strategy than in the decomposable condition. Implications to therapy session will be discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Braga, J., Ferreira, M., Lewis, C., Collins, E.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Jacinto, S., Braga, J., Ferreira, M., Lewis, C., & Collins, E. (2017). The impact of task decomposability and scheme activation in hypothesis testing strategy. Abstract book of the 12º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental (p. 5). Porto, Portugal: APPE.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Intuitive judgement / Psychotherapy / Therapist

The impact of task decomposability and scheme activation in hypothesis testing strategy

The impact of task decomposability and scheme activation in hypothesis testing strategy

DocumentTemporal asymmetries in impression formation2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
085 - The Clinical Gut: Examining the cognitive processes and neural underpinnings of judgments, feelings of rightness and its impact on information seeking
Duration: 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Ana Sofia Bilreiro Jacinto Braga, Anne Krendl, Cara Charissa Lewis, Cilia Witteman, Elizabeth Collins, João Braga
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences - Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Jacinto, S.
Secondary author(s):
Krendl, A., Lewis, C., Wittmann, C., Ferreira, M.
Keywords:
Feelings of Rightness / Information Seeking / Clinical Judgment / Hypotheses Testing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-085.12
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Temporal asymmetries in impression formation
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.appe.pt/encontro/files/APPE17_ProgramaComunicacoes.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
People can easily draw personality trait inferences from other’s behaviors. However behavioral information may come from past, present, or future behaviors. The present work explores how temporal asymmetries may impact trait inferences. In study 1, we asked participants to make trait inferences from a positive past vs. positive future behavior and found more extreme inferences from past behaviors than from future behaviors. In study 2, we manipulated perceived intentionality and valence and show this result only stands for social-positive behaviors when the intentions of the actor are unequivocal. Importantly, under uncertainty regarding the actor’s intention, people infer more extreme traits from future than from past social-negative behaviors, thus reversing the previous finding.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Braga, J.
Secondary author(s):
Jacinto, S., Orghian, D.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Braga, J., Jacinto, S., & Orghian, D. (2017). Temporal asymmetries in impression formation. Abstract book of the 12º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental (p. 5). Porto, Portugal: APPE.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Judgement / Dispositional inferences

Temporal asymmetries in impression formation

Temporal asymmetries in impression formation