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File083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation2015-032017-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant_8314.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
There have been claims throughout history that the consideration of dreams can result in personal realizations and insight.
AIM
To assess insight resulting from discussing Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and non-REM stage 2 (N2) dreams collected in the sleep laboratory, with discussion of daydreams as a control, and electrophysiological correlates of insight.
METHOD
31 participants slept in the sleep laboratory and were awakened for REM and N2 dream reports, and cued for a daydream report. Participants discussed their dream and daydream reports with experimenters who had not been involved in collecting the dreams and daydreams, and scored the discussions for insight obtained.
RESULTS
There were no insight differences between discussing REM and N2 dreams. Discussing dreams led to higher scores on the exploration-insight measure than did discussing daydreams. The differences were related to the learning of what the report means in terms of waking life issues.
CONCLUSIONS
Despite electrophysiological and functional differences between REM and N2 sleep, dreams from these stages did not differ in exploration-insight scores, but did exceed exploration-insight for the discussion of daydreams. Daydreams did not show the memory-consolidation related delayed incorporation of waking life events that has been found for REM dreams (van Rijn et al., 2016, 2018). A second main paper is under review, with preliminary results in Blagrove et al. (2016) of significant electrophysiological correlates of EEG theta and insight scores for N2 dreams, in addition to the between condition insight results. Dream insight might result from functional sleep processes, or from non-functional decreased control of cognition during dreams.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Blagrove, M., Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Ruby, P. (2016). Final report - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sleep / Insight / Dreams / REM sleep / EEG theta

Final report - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation

Final report - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation

DocumentInsight gains from the dream group discussion of REM dream, N2 dream and pre-sleep daydream reports2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Insight gains from the dream group discussion of REM dream, N2 dream and pre-sleep daydream reports
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jsr.2016.25.issue-S1/issuetoc
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Thirty one participants (15 female, 16 male) slept in the sleep laboratory and were woken 10 minutes into REM and N2 sleep for
dream reports. Participants also gave a daydream report before falling asleep. All participants later discussed their dream and
daydream reports with two experimenters who had not been involved in the report collection. Each discussion took 30–40 min and followed the standard Ullman method of group dream discussion (Edwards et al., 2013, 2015, Front Psychol), which aims to identify and explore recent waking life sources for dream content. After each discussion participants completed the 14-item Gains from Dream Interpretation (GDI) questionnaire (Heaton et al., 1998, J Couns Psychol). The GDI exploration-insight subscale assesses discovery of recent waking life mnemonic sources of the dream and also personal insight about waking life that results from the dream discussion, and is adapted here to cover dream and daydream discussions. There were no exploration-insight differences between discussing REM and N2 dream reports, but, as hypothesised, discussing dreams did lead to significantly higher scores on exploration-insight than did discussing daydreams (means = 7.60 and 7.13 respectively, SDs = 0.88 and 0.99; P = 0.002). Dream discussions were scored significantly higher than daydream discussions on questionnaire items: ‘I learned things
that I would not have thought of on my own’ (P = 0.002); ‘I learned more about what this (day) dream meant for me personally during the session’ (P < 0.001); and, ‘I learned more about issues in my waking life from working with the (day) dream’ (P < 0.05).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, P., Bennett, P., McGee, S., Evans, K., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Blagrove, M., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., McGee, S., Evans, K., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Ruby, P. (2016). Insight gains from the dream group discussion of REM dream, N2 dream and pre-sleep daydream reports. Journal of Sleep Research, 25 (Suppl. 1), 245. doi: 10.1111/jsr.12446
2-year Impact Factor: 3.432|2018
Times cited: 1|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Sleep / Insight / Dreams / REM sleep

Insight gains from the dream group discussion of REM dream, N2 dream and pre-sleep daydream reports

Insight gains from the dream group discussion of REM dream, N2 dream and pre-sleep daydream reports

DocumentThe dream-lag effect: Partial replication for REM sleep dreams that does not extend to daydreams2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The dream-lag effect: Partial replication for REM sleep dreams that does not extend to daydreams
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jsr.12446/epdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The incorporation of waking life event details into dreams has been found to be highest 1–2 and 5–7 nights after events, termed the day residue and dream-lag effects, respectively. The dream-lag effect is specific for Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep dreams, and not for N2 or Slow Wave Sleep dreams, and specific for personally significant events (PSEs), and not major daily activities (MDAs) or major concerns (MCs). The dream-lag effect has been proposed to reflect sleep-dependent memory consolidation, although it may instead have a non-functional emotional residue basis. The present study aimed to examine whether this delayed incorporation occurs for daydreams. Participants (n = 31) kept a daily log for 10 days, reporting MDAs, PSEs, and MCs, to which dream and daydream reports were compared. In the sleep laboratory, dream reports were collected after 10 minutes of REM and N2 sleep. Daydream reports were elicited before participants initially fell asleep, after 10 minutes in bed while remaining awake. A day-residue effect was found for MCs incorporated into daydreams, supporting a proposed function for daydreams of processing current concerns. No dream-lag effect was found for daydreams or N2 dreams. The REM sleep dream-lag effect for PSEs was partially replicated, with incorporations of PSEs from 5–7 days before the sleep laboratory night being significantly greater than from 8–9 days before the laboratory night. The results indicate that daydreams might not have the same function or time course of incorporations as do REM sleep dreams, although further replications of the REM sleep dream-lag are needed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
van Rijn, E.
Secondary author(s):
Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, P., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Blagrove, M.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Blagrove, M. (2016). The dream-lag effect: partial replication for REM sleep dreams that does not extend to daydreams. Journal of Sleep Research, 25(Suppl. 1), 151. doi: 10.1111/jsr.12446
2-year Impact Factor: 3.432|2018
Times cited: 0|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Dream recall / Daydreams / REM sleep

The dream-lag effect: Partial replication for REM sleep dreams that does not extend to daydreams

The dream-lag effect: Partial replication for REM sleep dreams that does not extend to daydreams

DocumentExploration-insight from REM Dreams, NREM dreams and daydreams using the Ullman dream group method2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Exploration-insight from REM Dreams, NREM dreams and daydreams using the Ullman dream group method
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.asdreams.org/2016/abstracts/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We have shown high levels of personal insight following a one hour session during which a dream is considered at length (Blagrove et al., 2010; Edwards et al., Frontiers in Psychology, 2013), using the Ullman dream appreciation technique (Ullman, 1996). Also, considering recent dream reports elicits significantly higher personal insight than does the control condition of considering a recent waking life event (Edwards et al., 2015). However, following Noreika et al. (2010), a daydream, collected in the sleep lab, may be a more closely matched control condition for a dream report: we use that comparison text for the study reported here. We recruited 31 participants, aged 18 – 30, in good health, who recall at least 3 dreams per week at home. Each participant spent 1 night in the sleep lab. There a daydream (DD) was collected after wiring up and prior to sleeping, and then a Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep dream and a non-REM stage 2 (N2) dream will be collected, the order of awakenings for the latter two sleep stages was counterbalanced. Each of the participants’ three transcripts were then considered in separate Ullman group sessions during the following week. The length of time of each session, and the length of time spent on each stage and substage of the Ullman method was calculated so as to ensure that each of the 3 conditions do not differ on these variables. At the end of each discussion participants completed the 13 item Gains from Dream Interpretation questionnaire (Heaton et al., 1998), with (day) dream substituted for dream so that the same questionnaire could be used for all three reports. The questionnaire has an Exploration-Insight subscale, assessing engagement, and insight about the dream and about waking life, from the session. Items are rated on a 1 – 9 scale, anchored as strongly disagree to strongly agree. Results: From the metaanalysis in Edwards et al. (2013), Exploration-Insight from the work of Hill of mean = 7.40. Edwards et al. (2015) had mean for dreams = 7.82 (0.84), and for control Event consideration = 7.21 (1.13). In the current study, mean for Day Dreams = 7.13 (0.99), for N2= 7.76 (0.85), and for REM dreams = 7.49 (1.01). On mixed model analysis difference between the three conditions has p=.05. Difference between the three conditions for personal insight was not significant. The Exploration-Insight difference between dreams and daydreams was mainly due to differences on GDI items 2, 12 and 13, which address learning about the dream. The lack of difference between dreams and daydreams in elicitation of personal insight may be due to the frequent incidence of references to waking life concerns in the daydreams; about 75% of all daydreams referred to current concerns of the participant.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Blagrove, M., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Ruby, P. (2016, June). Exploration-insight from REM Dreams, NREM dreams and daydreams using the Ullman dream group method. Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, The Netherlands.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Insight / Ullman technique / Dreaming

Exploration-insight from REM Dreams, NREM dreams and daydreams using the Ullman dream group method

Exploration-insight from REM Dreams, NREM dreams and daydreams using the Ullman dream group method

DocumentDaydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810017300144
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study investigates the time course of incorporation of waking life experiences into daydreams. Thirty-one participants kept a diary for 10 days, reporting major daily activities (MDAs), personally significant events (PSEs) and major concerns (MCs). They were then cued for daydream, Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and N2 dream reports in the sleep laboratory. There was a higher incorporation into daydreams of MCs from the previous two days (day-residue effect), but no day-residue effect for MDAs or PSEs, supporting a function for daydreams of processing current concerns. A day-residue effect for PSEs and the delayed incorporation of PSEs from 5 to 7 days before the dream (the dream-lag effect) have previously been found for REM dreams. Delayed incorporation was not found in this study for daydreams. Daydreams might thus differ in function from REM sleep dreams. However, the REM dream-lag effect was not replicated here, possibly due to design differences from previous studies.
Accessibility: Document does exist in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
van Rijn, E.
Secondary author(s):
Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Blagrove, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Blagrove, M. (2018). Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations. Consciousness and Cognition, 58, 51-59. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.10.011
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 4|2019-07-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Daydreaming / Mind wandering / Dreaming / Day-residue / Dream-lag / Memory consolidation / Functions of dreaming / Functions of sleep / REM sleep

DocumentInsight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.06
Title: Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-64659-001
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Throughout history there have been reports and claims that consideration of dreams can produce personal realizations and insight. We assessed Exploration-Insight scores associated with discussing Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) dreams in connection with recent waking life experiences. Thirty-one participants were cued in the sleep laboratory for a daydream report and then awakened from REM and N2 sleep for dream reports. Participants subsequently discussed each of their dream and daydream reports for 30-40 minutes with two experimenters, following the structured Ullman (1996) dream group discussion procedure. Participants assessed the benefit of discussing the reports by completing the Gains from (Day)Dream Interpretation (G(D)DI) questionnaire. We found no difference in G(D)DI scores between discussing REM and N2 dream reports, and no difference between dream and daydream discussions in engagement and thoroughness of exploring the reports. However, discussing dream reports produced higher scores on the G(D)DI Exploration-Insight subscale compared with discussing daydream reports. Significant differences were evident in items reflecting the learning of what the report means in terms of waking life issues. Frontal theta prior to waking from N2 was significantly associated with Exploration-Insight score obtained after N2 dream discussion, but this relationship was not found for REM dreams. The findings of high ratings of Exploration-Insight after discussing dreams were evident even though participants did not select the dream, unlike what can occur for home recorded dreams, and even though discussion was brief. We suggest that insight might be produced by embodied and metaphorical thinking in dreams.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., Carr, M., Eichenlaub, J.-P., McGee, S., Evans, K., Ruby, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Blagrove, M., Edwards, C., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., . . . Ruby, P. (2019). Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(2), 138-162. doi: 10.1037/cns0000167
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Insight / Dreaming / Daydreaming / Mind-wandering / Sleep