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File051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment2015-092018-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Jason John Braithwaite
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of Birmingham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Keywords:
Event-related Psychophysiology / Anomalous Body Experiences / Dissociation / Disembodiment / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentUncomfortably numb: new evidence for suppressed emotional reactivity in response to body-threats in those predisposed to sub-clinical dissociative experiences2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Jason John Braithwaite
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of Birmingham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Keywords:
Event-related Psychophysiology / Anomalous Body Experiences / Dissociation / Disembodiment / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Uncomfortably numb: new evidence for suppressed emotional reactivity in response to body-threats in those predisposed to sub-clinical dissociative experiences
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13546805.2016.1212703
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
Depersonalisation and derealisation disorders refer to feelings of detachment and dissociation from one's "self" or surroundings. A reduced sense of self (or "presence") and emotional "numbness" is thought to be mediated by aberrant emotional processing due to biases in self-referent multi-sensory integration. This emotional "numbing" is often accompanied by suppressed autonomic arousal to emotionally salient stimuli.
METHODS:
118 participants completed the Cambridge Depersonalisation scale [Sierra, & Berrios, 2000. The Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale: A new instrument for the measurement of depersonalisation. Psychiatry Research, 93, 153-164)] as an index of dissociative anomalous experience. Participants took part in a novel "Implied Body-Threat Illusion" task; a pantomimed injection procedure conducted directly onto their real body (hand). Objective psychophysiological data were recorded via standardised threat-related skin conductance responses and finger temperature measures.
RESULTS:
Individuals predisposed to depersonalisation/derealisation revealed suppressed skin conductance responses towards the pantomimed body-threat. Although the task revealed a reliable reduction in finger temperature as a fear response, this reduction was not reliably associated with measures of dissociative experience.
CONCLUSIONS:
The present findings significantly extend previous research by revealing emotional suppression via a more direct body-threat task, even for sub-clinical groups. The findings are discussed within probabilistic and predictive coding frameworks of multi-sensory integration underlying a coherent sense of self.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dewe, H.
Secondary author(s):
Watson, D., Braithwaite, J. J.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Dewe, H., Watson, D., & Braithwaite, J. J. (2016). Uncomfortably numb: new evidence for suppressed emotional reactivity in response to body-threats in those predisposed to sub-clinical dissociative experiences. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 377-401. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2016.1212703
2-year Impact Factor: 1.542|2018
Times cited: 2|2019-06-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Dissociation / Anomalous experience / Depersonalisation/derealisation / Embodiment / Skin conductance responses

DocumentFinal report - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Jason John Braithwaite
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of Birmingham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Keywords:
Event-related Psychophysiology / Anomalous Body Experiences / Dissociation / Disembodiment / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%205114.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Neurocognitive processes underlying stable embodiment can breakdown, leading to striking aberrations in self-consciousness. These striking experiences are providing crucial insights not only into the nature of anomalous self-experience (and those prone to it), but into the more fundamental aspects of human self-consciousness per-se. As such, investigating anomalous aberrant experiences can be a potent method for examining previously ignored aspects of human behaviour and conscious experience.
AIMS
The project developed a new computer-based task for quantifying biases in body-representations and self-consciousness in those prone to different forms of aberrant conscious experience. The new task consists of dynamic movie clips and still photographic images.
METHOD
This new task was examined with event-related psychophysiology (skin conductance responses: SCRs) to provide an index of autonomic emotional reactivity and a series of behavioural ratings. Part of the project was directed at establishing this new measure (now termed the Body-Threat-Assessment Battery: BTAB) and another part directed at exploring its use with groups predisposed to dissociative hallucinatory experiences. The BTAB involves threats to real human limbs from different perspectives.
RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS
Initial findings have revealed the normative data for the BTAB measure. The BTAB has shown itself to be very effective at eliciting emotional responses (relative to non-body based baseline stimuli) in terms of both skin conductance responses and behavioural ratings. The manipulation of perspective has not revealed any reliable differences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Dissociation / Emotion / Skin conductance responses / Disorders of consciousness

Final report - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment

Final report - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment

DocumentPredisposition to out-of-body Experience (OBE) is associated with aberrations in multisensory integration: Psychophysiological support From a “Rubber Hand Illusion” study2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Jason John Braithwaite
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of Birmingham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Keywords:
Event-related Psychophysiology / Anomalous Body Experiences / Dissociation / Disembodiment / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Predisposition to out-of-body Experience (OBE) is associated with aberrations in multisensory integration: Psychophysiological support From a “Rubber Hand Illusion” study
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2017-10120-001
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
It has been argued that disorders in body-ownership and aberrant experiences in self-consciousness are due to biases in multisensory integration. Here we examine whether such biases are also associated with spontaneous out-of-body experiences (OBEs) in a nonclinical population. One-hundred and 80 participants took part in a rubber hand illusion (RHI) experiment with synchronous and asynchronous visual and tactile stimulation. A realistic threat was delivered to the rubber hand after a fixed period of stimulation. Self-report exit questionnaires measured the subjective strength of the illusion and psychophysiological measures (skin conductance responses/finger temperature) provided an objective index of fear/anxiety toward the threat. Control participants reported a stronger RHI, and revealed larger threat-related skin conductance responses during synchronous compared with asynchronous brushing. For participants predisposed to OBEs, the magnitude of the skin conductance was not influenced by brushing synchrony-fear responses were just as strong in the asynchronous condition as they were in the synchronous condition. There were also no reliable effects of finger temperature for either group. Collectively, these findings are taken as support for the presence of particular biases in multisensory integration (perhaps via predictive coding mechanisms) in which imprecise top-down tuning occurs resulting in aberrant experiences in self-consciousness even in nonclinical hallucinators.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Secondary author(s):
Watson, D., Dewe, H.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Braithwaite, J. J., Watson, D. G., & Dewe, H. (2017). Predisposition to out-of-body experience (OBE) is associated with aberrations in multisensory integration: Psychophysiological support from a “rubber hand illusion” study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(6), 1125-1143. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000406
2-year Impact Factor: 2.939|2018
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2019
Times cited: 3|2019-07-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Out-of-body experience / Multisensory integration / Hallucination / Rubber hand illusion / Predictive coding

DocumentThe depersonalized brain: New evidence supporting a distinction between depersonalization and derealization from discrete patterns of autonomic suppression observed in a non-clinical sample2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
051 - The dissociated self: An investigation of emotional responses to a new body-threat task in those predisposed to anomalous body experiences, dissociation and disembodiment
Duration: 2015-09 - 2018-07
Researcher(s):
Jason John Braithwaite
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of Birmingham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Braithwaite, J. J.
Keywords:
Event-related Psychophysiology / Anomalous Body Experiences / Dissociation / Disembodiment / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-051.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The depersonalized brain: New evidence supporting a distinction between depersonalization and derealization from discrete patterns of autonomic suppression observed in a non-clinical sample
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810017305536?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Depersonalization and Derealization are characterised by feelings of detachment from one's bodily self/surroundings and a general emotional numbness. We explored predisposition to trait-based experiences of depersonalization/derealization-type experiences and autonomic arousal toward simulated body-threats, which were delivered to the participant's own body (i.e. Self) and when observed being delivered to another individual (i.e. Other). Ninety participants took part in an "Implied Body-Threat Illusion" task (Dewe, Watson, & Braithwaite, 2016) and autonomic arousal was recorded via standardised skin conductance responses and finger temperature. Autonomic suppression in response to threats delivered to the Self correlated with increases in trait-based depersonalization-type experiences. In contrast, autonomic suppression for threats delivered to Others correlated with trait-based derealization-like experiences. Body-temperature and anticipatory arousal did not correlate reliably with predisposition to depersonalization- or derealization-type experiences. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed in terms of a fronto-limbic autonomic suppression mechanism.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dewe, H.
Secondary author(s):
Watson, D. G., Kessler, K., Braithwaite, J. J.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Dewe, H., Watson, D. G., Kessler, K., & Braithwaite, J. J. (2018). The depersonalized brain: New evidence supporting a distinction between depersonalization and derealization from discrete patterns of autonomic suppression observed in a non-clinical sample. Consciousness and Cognition, 63, 29-46. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.06.008
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Times cited: 0|2019-07-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Anomalous body experience / Depersonalization / Derealization / Dissociation / Multisensory integration / Self-consciousness / Skin conductance responses (SCRs)